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Prophecies Against Nations 

Jeremiah 46–51

Don Ruhl • Savage Street, Grants Pass, Oregon • September 8, In the year of our Lord Christ, 2019 

  1. Chaps 46–51 • Prophecies Against Nations 
    1. Chap 46 • Against Egypt 
      1. 46.1 • The Word for All Nations

        1 The word of the LORD which came to Jeremiah the prophet against the nations.
        1. We make a grave error when we say that Genesis through Malachi is only for Israel and that it is only about Israel. 
        2. From the Garden of Eden, 
          1. which was before the existence of the children of Israel, 
          2. God has spoken to all people. 
      2. 46.2 • Egypt in Babylon

        2 Against Egypt. Concerning the army of Pharaoh Necho, king of Egypt, which was by the River Euphrates in Carchemish, and which Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon defeated in the fourth year of Jehoiakim the son of Josiah, king of Judah:
        1. See how far north Egypt had gone to fight against Babylon. 
        2. However, it cost them because Babylon defeated Egypt. 
      3. 46.3–6 • Egypt Advances Toward Babylon

        3 “Order the buckler and shield,
        And draw near to battle!
        4 Harness the horses,
        And mount up, you horsemen!
        Stand forth with your helmets,
        Polish the spears,
        Put on the armor!
        5 Why have I seen them dismayed and turned back?
        Their mighty ones are beaten down;
        They have speedily fled,
        And did not look back,
        For fear was all around,” says the LORD.
        6 Do not let the swift flee away,
        Nor the mighty man escape;
        They will stumble and fall
        Toward the north, by the River Euphrates.
        1. Notice in verses 3 and 4 the military orders, 
          1. short sentences, 
          2. clear words. 
        2. The Lord ordered Egypt to the River Euphrates, 
          1. although they did not realize it. 
          2. The Lord moves and works behind the scenes with the nations. 
        3. Initially, Egypt went to Judah and chased off the Babylonians, but 
          1. apparently the Egyptians followed the Babylonians 
          2. clear to the River Euphrates. 
      4. 46.7–12 • Egypt’s Flight and Destruction

        7 Who is this coming up like a flood,
        Whose waters move like the rivers?
        8 Egypt rises up like a flood,
        And its waters move like the rivers;
        And he says, ‘I will go up and cover the earth,
        I will destroy the city and its inhabitants.’
        9 Come up, O horses, and rage, O chariots!
        And let the mighty men come forth:
        The Ethiopians and the Libyans who handle the shield,
        And the Lydians who handle and bend the bow.
        10 For this is the day of the Lord GOD of hosts,
        A day of vengeance,
        That He may avenge Himself on His adversaries.
        The sword shall devour;
        It shall be satiated and made drunk with their blood;
        For the Lord GOD of hosts has a sacrifice
        In the north country by the River Euphrates.
        11 Go up to Gilead and take balm,
        O virgin, the daughter of Egypt;
        In vain you will use many medicines;
        You shall not be cured.
        12 The nations have heard of your shame,
        And your cry has filled the land;
        For the mighty man has stumbled against the mighty;
        They both have fallen together.”
        1. Egypt would attack with a large force, like a flood of waters. 
        2. Who allied with Egypt for this attack? 
          1. Ethiopians 
          2. Libyans 
          3. Lydians 
        3. However, the Lord had called Egypt up to the Euphrates to slaughter them. 
      5. 46.13 • Babylon Will Strike Egypt

        13 The word that the LORD spoke to Jeremiah the prophet, how Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon would come and strike the land of Egypt.
        1. Nebuchadnezzar would then go down to Egypt and strike them there. 
        2. Notice that the Lord is aware of the acts of the nations and that He to some extend orchestrates it all. 
      6. 46.14–17 • God Fights Egypt

        14 “Declare in Egypt, and proclaim in Migdol;
        Proclaim in Noph and in Tahpanhes;
        Say, ‘Stand fast and prepare yourselves,
        For the sword devours all around you.’
        15 Why are your valiant men swept away?
        They did not stand
        Because the LORD drove them away.
        16 He made many fall;
        Yes, one fell upon another.
        And they said, ‘Arise!
        Let us go back to our own people
        And to the land of our nativity
        From the oppressing sword.’
        17 They cried there,
        ‘Pharaoh, king of Egypt, is but a noise.
        He has passed by the appointed time!’
        1. The Lord told Egypt to stand fast, although the sword would devour them. 
        2. The Lord asked them a question and then answered it. 
          1. He wanted them to ask why their valiant men were being swept away. 
          2. The Lord answered that He was the one doing it. 
      7. 46.18–19 • Egypt into Captivity

        18 “As I live,” says the King,
        Whose name is the LORD of hosts,
        “Surely as Tabor is among the mountains
        And as Carmel by the sea, so he shall come.
        19 O you daughter dwelling in Egypt,
        Prepare yourself to go into captivity!
        For Noph shall be waste and desolate, without inhabitant.
        1. Does the Lord use captivity to teach nations? 
          1. We are familiar with Israel and Judah, but 
          2. apparently He also has done it and perhaps still does it with other nations or peoples. 
        2. What would prompt the Lord do this? 
      8. 46.20–24 • Egypt’s Beauty Destroyed

        20 Egypt is a very pretty heifer,
        But destruction comes, it comes from the north.
        21 Also her mercenaries are in her midst like fat bulls,
        For they also are turned back,
        They have fled away together.
        They did not stand,
        For the day of their calamity had come upon them,
        The time of their punishment.
        22 Her noise shall go like a serpent,
        For they shall march with an army
        And come against her with axes,
        Like those who chop wood.
        23 They shall cut down her forest,” says the LORD,
        “Though it cannot be searched,
        Because they are innumerable,
        And more numerous than grasshoppers.
        24 The daughter of Egypt shall be ashamed;
        She shall be delivered into the hand
        Of the people of the north.”

        25 The LORD of hosts, the God of Israel, says: “Behold, I will bring punishment on Amon of No, and Pharaoh and Egypt, with their gods and their kings—Pharaoh and those who trust in him. 26 And I will deliver them into the hand of those who seek their lives, into the hand of Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon and the hand of his servants. Afterward it shall be inhabited as in the days of old,” says the LORD.

        27 “But do not fear, O My servant Jacob,
        And do not be dismayed, O Israel!
        For behold, I will save you from afar,
        And your offspring from the land of their captivity;
        Jacob shall return, have rest and be at ease;
        No one shall make him afraid.
        28 Do not fear, O Jacob My servant,” says the LORD,
        “For I am with you;
        For I will make a complete end of all the nations
        To which I have driven you,
        But I will not make a complete end of you.
        I will rightly correct you,
        For I will not leave you wholly unpunished.”
        1. Egypt was once beautiful, 
          1. as the illusion to a “pretty heifer,” indicates (v. 20), and 
          2. as the reference to “forest”in verse 23 references. 
        2. From where would the attack come from? 
          1. It would come from the north and 
          2. other passages indicate that it would be the Chaldeans. 
        3. Why did the Lord have to tell Jacob not to fear? 
          1. Both Egypt and Babylon had passed through the land of Israel. 
          2. Then when they saw Babylon going to attack Egypt, 
            1. the children of Israel could have been frighten, 
            2. believing that they were next. 
    2. Chap 47 • Against Philistia 
      1. 47.1 • The Lord spoke against Philistia:

        1 The word of the LORD that came to Jeremiah the prophet against the Philistines, before Pharaoh attacked Gaza.
        1. What clue does this provide as to Philistia’s destruction? 
        2. God would use Pharaoh. 
          1. Sometimes God fought against Pharaoh and 
          2. sometimes He used Pharaoh to fight others. 
            1. How do you explain this? 
            2. Did Pharaoh always know that God was using him? 
        3. Would not Pharaoh come from the south? 
          1. He was not restricted. 
          2. He could have attacked another place and come back to Philistia. 
      2. 47.2–5 • The Attack on Philistia

        2 Thus says the LORD:

        “Behold, waters rise out of the north,
        And shall be an overflowing flood;
        They shall overflow the land and all that is in it,
        The city and those who dwell within;
        Then the men shall cry,
        And all the inhabitants of the land shall wail.
        3 At the noise of the stamping hooves of his strong horses,
        At the rushing of his chariots,
        At the rumbling of his wheels,
        The fathers will not look back for their children,
        Lacking courage,
        4 Because of the day that comes to plunder all the Philistines,
        To cut off from Tyre and Sidon every helper who remains;
        For the LORD shall plunder the Philistines,
        The remnant of the country of Caphtor.
        5 Baldness has come upon Gaza,
        Ashkelon is cut off
        With the remnant of their valley.
        How long will you cut yourself?
        1. Describe the attack. 
        2. Remember that the Philistines were part of the giants 
          1. that the 12 spies of Moses had seen. 
          2. Some of them remained until the time of David. 
      3. 47.6–7 • How Long?

        6 “O you sword of the LORD,
        How long until you are quiet?
        Put yourself up into your scabbard,
        Rest and be still!
        7 How can it be quiet,
        Seeing the LORD has given it a charge
        Against Ashkelon and against the seashore?
        There He has appointed it.”
        1. For how long does the Lord’s sword do its work? 
          1. Until it accomplishes what the Lord determined for it to do. 
          2. See Jeremiah 48.10. 
        2. He can also stop it when He wants to – 2 Samuel 24.16. 
        3. What was the answer that came back? 
    3. Chap 48 • Against Moab 
      1. 48.1–5 • Moab Cut Off

        1 Against Moab. Thus says the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel:

        “Woe to Nebo!
        For it is plundered,
        Kirjathaim is shamed and taken;
        The high stronghold is shamed and dismayed—
        2 No more praise of Moab.
        In Heshbon they have devised evil against her:
        ‘Come, and let us cut her off as a nation.’
        You also shall be cut down, O Madmen!
        The sword shall pursue you;
        3 A voice of crying shall be from Horonaim:
        ‘Plundering and great destruction!’
        4 ‘Moab is destroyed;
        Her little ones have caused a cry to be heard;
        5 For in the Ascent of Luhith they ascend with continual weeping;
        For in the descent of Horonaim the enemies have heard a cry of destruction.
        1. I have shown you slides on Jordan and the area around Nebo. 
        2. You can tell that it happened just as the Lord said that it would. 
      2. 48.6–10 • Moab, Flee!

        6 “Flee, save your lives!
        And be like the juniper in the wilderness.
        7 For because you have trusted in your works and your treasures,
        You also shall be taken.
        And Chemosh shall go forth into captivity,
        His priests and his princes together.
        8 And the plunderer shall come against every city;
        No one shall escape.
        The valley also shall perish,
        And the plain shall be destroyed,
        As the LORD has spoken.
        9 Give wings to Moab,
        That she may flee and get away;
        For her cities shall be desolate,
        Without any to dwell in them.
        10 Cursed is he who does the work of the LORD deceitfully,
        And cursed is he who keeps back his sword from blood.”
        1. What was Moab’s problem? 
          1. They trusted in their works and treasures. 
          2. The Bible warns against trusting in anything other than God. 
        2. Notice again that the Bible references another people going into captivity. 
        3. How many people would escape the plunderer? 
          1. No one would escape. 
          2. The plain would be destroyed and going to Jordan today confirms that this happened. 
        4. Notice that the Lord would send someone against Moab. 
          1. What would be upon him 
            1. who does the work of the Lord deceitfully and 
            2. who keeps back his sword from blood? 
          2. God would curse him. 
            1. When God gives you a job to do, 
            2. you do it fully with all the might that He gives to you. 
          3. Remember what Saul did when the Lord sent him against Amalek. 
            1. First Samuel 15 shows that he spared 
            2. the king and the best of the animals. 
              1. The Lord left Saul and 
              2. Samuel hacked the king of Amalek in pieces. 
      3. 48.11 • Moab Had Not Suffered

        11 “Moab has been at ease from his youth;
        He has settled on his dregs,
        And has not been emptied from vessel to vessel,
        Nor has he gone into captivity.
        Therefore his taste remained in him,
        And his scent has not changed.
        1. How does suffering shape us? 
        2. How does suffering for our sins affect us? 
          1. Moab had not really suffered. 
          2. Therefore, the nation had no desire to repent of their sin. 
            1. However, they had witnessed God rebuking Israel. 
            2. Yet, they did not learn from their brother and neighbor. 
      4. 48.12–13 • Moab Tipped Over

        12 “Therefore behold, the days are coming,” says the LORD,
        “That I shall send him wine-workers
        Who will tip him over
        And empty his vessels
        And break the bottles.
        13 Moab shall be ashamed of Chemosh,
        As the house of Israel was ashamed of Bethel, their confidence.”
        1. The Lord would bring down Moab as easily as a wine worker tipping containers of wine. 
        2. What a disaster it would be. 
          1. Where is Moab today? 
          2. It has disappeared just like wine spilled on the ground. 
      5. 48.14–25 • Moab Broken

        14 “How can you say, ‘We are mighty
        And strong men for the war’?
        15 Moab is plundered and gone up from her cities;
        Her chosen young men have gone down to the slaughter,” says the King,
        Whose name is the LORD of hosts.
        16 The calamity of Moab is near at hand,
        And his affliction comes quickly.
        17 Bemoan him, all you who are around him;
        And all you who know his name,
        Say, ‘How the strong staff is broken,
        The beautiful rod!’
        18 O daughter inhabiting Dibon,
        Come down from your glory,
        And sit in thirst;
        For the plunderer of Moab has come against you,
        He has destroyed your strongholds.
        19 O inhabitant of Aroer,
        Stand by the way and watch;
        Ask him who flees
        And her who escapes;
        Say, ‘What has happened?’
        20 Moab is shamed, for he is broken down.
        Wail and cry!
        Tell it in Arnon, that Moab is plundered.
        21 And judgment has come on the plain country:
        On Holon and Jahzah and Mephaath,
        22 On Dibon and Nebo and Beth Diblathaim,
        23 On Kirjathaim and Beth Gamul and Beth Meon,
        24 On Kerioth and Bozrah,
        On all the cities of the land of Moab,
        Far or near.
        25 The horn of Moab is cut off,
        And his arm is broken,” says the LORD.
        1. Moab thought that because of their mighty warriors, 
        2. they could not be brought down. 
          1. Is God unable to bring down a powerful army? 
          2. It is a joke even to ask the question. 
      6. 48.26–29 • Moab’s Disdain for Israel

        26 “Make him drunk,
        Because he exalted himself against the LORD.
        Moab shall wallow in his vomit,
        And he shall also be in derision.
        27 For was not Israel a derision to you?
        Was he found among thieves?
        For whenever you speak of him,
        You shake your head in scorn.
        28 You who dwell in Moab,
        Leave the cities and dwell in the rock,
        And be like the dove which makes her nest
        In the sides of the cave’s mouth.
        29 We have heard the pride of Moab
        (He is exceedingly proud),
        Of his loftiness and arrogance and pride,
        And of the haughtiness of his heart.”
        1. When the Lord says that He would make a person or nation drunk, 
          1. He spoke of the wrath that He would pour out. 
          2. Just like alcohol makes a man less than himself, and 
            1. if he becomes drunk enough he makes a fool of Himself and 
            2. vomits and other disgusting things. 
          3. That pictures God’s wrath on Moab. 
        2. Notice how the picture is not only of vomit but of Moab wallowing in the vomit. 
          1. A disgusting picture for sure, but it makes the point that God does not tolerate a nation that continues in sin. 
          2. God’s wrath is not pretty. 
        3. According to this passage what would you say was Moab’s major sin? 
      7. 48.30–33 • Mourning for Moab

        30 “I know his wrath,” says the LORD,
        “But it is not right;
        His lies have made nothing right.
        31 Therefore I will wail for Moab,
        And I will cry out for all Moab;
        I will mourn for the men of Kir Heres.
        32 O vine of Sibmah! I will weep for you with the weeping of Jazer.
        Your plants have gone over the sea,
        They reach to the sea of Jazer.
        The plunderer has fallen on your summer fruit and your vintage.
        33 Joy and gladness are taken
        From the plentiful field
          And from the land of Moab;
        I have caused wine to fail from the winepresses;
        No one will tread with joyous shouting—
        Not joyous shouting!”
        1. What did the Lord think of Moab’s wrath? 
          1. It was not right. 
          2. Moab lied but did it help their situation? 
        2. How did the Lord react to Moab’s coming destruction? 
          1. He wailed. 
          2. He did not want to destroy them. 
      8. 48.34–39 • Desolation of Moab

        34 “From the cry of Heshbon to Elealeh and to Jahaz
        They have uttered their voice,
        From Zoar to Horonaim,
        Like a three-year-old heifer;
        For the waters of Nimrim also shall be desolate.”
        35 “Moreover,” says the LORD,
        “I will cause to cease in Moab
        The one who offers sacrifices in the high places
        And burns incense to his gods.
        36 Therefore My heart shall wail like flutes for Moab,
        And like flutes My heart shall wail
        For the men of Kir Heres.
        Therefore the riches they have acquired have perished.
        37 For every head shall be bald, and every beard clipped;
        On all the hands shall be cuts, and on the loins sackcloth—
        38 A general lamentation
        On all the housetops of Moab,
        And in its streets;
        For I have broken Moab like a vessel in which is no pleasure,” says the LORD.
        39 “They shall wail:
        ‘How she is broken down!
        How Moab has turned her back with shame!’
        So Moab shall be a derision
        And a dismay to all those about her.”
        1. What would happen to God’s heart for Moab? 
        2. The fact that He did not want to do this to Moab can be seen from earlier when it was apparent that Moab had not suffered. 
          1. He did not want to punish the nation. 
          2. God is love, but He is also a holy God. 
            1. When people do not repent of their unholiness, 
            2. He must take action to remove them from His creation. 
      9. 48.40–44 • Fear in Moab

        40 For thus says the LORD:

        “Behold, one shall fly like an eagle,
        And spread his wings over Moab.
        41 Kerioth is taken,
        And the strongholds are surprised;
        The mighty men’s hearts in Moab on that day shall be
        Like the heart of a woman in birth pangs.
        42 And Moab shall be destroyed as a people,
        Because he exalted himself against the LORD.
        43 Fear and the pit and the snare shall be upon you,
        O inhabitant of Moab,” says the LORD.
        44 “He who flees from the fear shall fall into the pit,
        And he who gets out of the pit shall be caught in the snare.
        For upon Moab, upon it I will bring
        The year of their punishment,” says the LORD.
        1. See the warriors becoming like women giving birth. 
          1. What does that picture. 
          2. They will wail and the destruction cannot be stopped. 
        2. Why did the Lord say that Moab would be destroyed as a people? 
          1. They exalted themselves against the Lord. 
          2. What does that include or how does a nation do that? 
        3. Verse 44 shows the inescapable nature of God’s wrath. 
        4. Compare Amos 5.18–20. 
      10. “Those who fled stood under the shadow of Heshbon
        Because of exhaustion.
        But a fire shall come out of Heshbon,
        A flame from the midst of Sihon,
        And shall devour the brow of Moab,
        The crown of the head of the sons of tumult.
        46 Woe to you, O Moab!
        The people of Chemosh perish;
        For your sons have been taken captive,
        And your daughters captive.
        47 Yet I will bring back the captives of Moab
        In the latter days,” says the LORD. 

        Thus far is the judgment of Moab.
        1. The Lord continued to speak of what was coming to Moab. 
        2. Notice that Moab will go into captivity. 
        3. However, He then gave a glimmer of hope. 
    4. 49.1–6 • Against Ammon

      1 Against the Ammonites. Thus says the LORD:

      “Has Israel no sons?
      Has he no heir?
      Why then does Milcom inherit Gad,
      And his people dwell in its cities?
      2 Therefore behold, the days are coming,” says the LORD,
      “That I will cause to be heard an alarm of war
      In Rabbah of the Ammonites;
      It shall be a desolate mound,
      And her villages shall be burned with fire.
      Then Israel shall take possession of his inheritance,” says the LORD.
      3 “Wail, O Heshbon, for Ai is plundered!
      Cry, you daughters of Rabbah,
      Gird yourselves with sackcloth!
      Lament and run to and fro by the walls;
      For Milcom shall go into captivity
      With his priests and his princes together.
      4 Why do you boast in the valleys,
      Your flowing valley, O backsliding daughter?
      Who trusted in her treasures, saying,
      ‘Who will come against me?’
      5 Behold, I will bring fear upon you,”
      Says the Lord GOD of hosts,
      “From all those who are around you;
      You shall be driven out, everyone headlong,
      And no one will gather those who wander off.
      6 But afterward I will bring back
      The captives of the people of Ammon,” says the LORD.
      1. What had Ammon done to part of Israel? 
      2. How would God repay Ammon? 
      3. Notice that Ammon would also go into captivity. 
      4. The Lord also gave hope of the captives returning. 
    5. 49.7–22 • Against Edom

      7 Against Edom. Thus says the LORD of hosts:

      “Is wisdom no more in Teman?
      Has counsel perished from the prudent?
      Has their wisdom vanished?
      8 Flee, turn back, dwell in the depths, O inhabitants of Dedan!
      For I will bring the calamity of Esau upon him,
      The time that I will punish him.
      9 If grape-gatherers came to you,
      Would they not leave some gleaning grapes?
      If thieves by night,
      Would they not destroy until they have enough?
      10 But I have made Esau bare;
      I have uncovered his secret places,
      And he shall not be able to hide himself.
      His descendants are plundered,
      His brethren and his neighbors,
      And he is no more.
      11 Leave your fatherless children,
      I will preserve them alive;
      And let your widows trust in Me.”

      12 For thus says the LORD: “Behold, those whose judgment was not to drink of the cup have assuredly drunk. And are you the one who will altogether go unpunished? You shall not go unpunished, but you shall surely drink of it. 13 For I have sworn by Myself,” says the LORD, “that Bozrah shall become a desolation, a reproach, a waste, and a curse. And all its cities shall be perpetual wastes.”

      14 I have heard a message from the LORD,
      And an ambassador has been sent to the nations:
      “Gather together, come against her,
      And rise up to battle!

      15 “For indeed, I will make you small among nations,
      Despised among men.
      16 Your fierceness has deceived you,
      The pride of your heart,
      O you who dwell in the clefts of the rock,
      Who hold the height of the hill!
      Though you make your nest as high as the eagle,
      I will bring you down from there,” says the LORD.

      17 “Edom also shall be an astonishment;
      Everyone who goes by it will be astonished
      And will hiss at all its plagues.
      18 As in the overthrow of Sodom and Gomorrah
      And their neighbors,” says the LORD,
      “No one shall remain there,
      Nor shall a son of man dwell in it.

      19 “Behold, he shall come up like a lion from the floodplain of the Jordan
      Against the dwelling place of the strong;
      But I will suddenly make him run away from her.
      And who is a chosen man that I may appoint over her?
      For who is like Me?
      Who will arraign Me?
      And who is that shepherd
      Who will withstand Me?”

      20 Therefore hear the counsel of the LORD that He has taken against Edom, And His purposes that He has proposed against the inhabitants of Teman:

      Surely the least of the flock shall draw them out;
      Surely He shall make their dwelling places desolate with them.
      21 The earth shakes at the noise of their fall;
      At the cry its noise is heard at the Red Sea.
      22 Behold, He shall come up and fly like the eagle,
      And spread His wings over Bozrah;
      The heart of the mighty men of Edom in that day shall be
      Like the heart of a woman in birth pangs.
      1. Edom had apparently been known for its wisdom. 
        1. Remember that at leasts one of Job’s friends was from there. 
        2. While Job’s friends were wrong about him and God, 
          1. they still showed a degree of wisdom. 
          2. Remember they descended from Esau. 
            1. Esau’s father was Isaac, and his grandfather was Abraham. 
            2. Surely Esau would have learned wisdom from them. 
      2. However, Edom abandoned the ways of Abraham and Isaac, and 
        1. for that they would experience the full destruction of the Lord. 
        2. Edomites no longer exist in the world as far as we know. 
      3. Remember the slides that I showed you of ancient Edom that showed Jeremiah’s words coming to pass. 
    6. 49.23–27 • Against Damascus

      23 Against Damascus.

      “Hamath and Arpad are shamed,
      For they have heard bad news.
      They are fainthearted;
      There is trouble on the sea;
      It cannot be quiet.
      24 Damascus has grown feeble;
      She turns to flee,
      And fear has seized her.
      Anguish and sorrows have taken her like a woman in labor.
      25 Why is the city of praise not deserted, the city of My joy?
      26 Therefore her young men shall fall in her streets,
      And all the men of war shall be cut off in that day,” says the LORD of hosts.
      27 “I will kindle a fire in the wall of Damascus,
      And it shall consume the palaces of Ben-Hadad.”
      1. Previously the Lord spoke of nations, but here of a city. 
      2. Notice that Jeremiah’s prophecy pictures destruction but not annihilation. 
    7. 49.28–33 • Against Kedar and Hazor

      28 Against Kedar and against the kingdoms of Hazor, which Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon shall strike. Thus says the LORD:

      “Arise, go up to Kedar,
      And devastate the men of the East!
      29 Their tents and their flocks they shall take away.
      They shall take for themselves their curtains,
      All their vessels and their camels;
      And they shall cry out to them,
      ‘Fear is on every side!’
      30 Flee, get far away! Dwell in the depths,
      O inhabitants of Hazor!” says the LORD.
      “For Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon has taken counsel against you,
      And has conceived a plan against you.
      31 Arise, go up to the wealthy nation that dwells securely,” says the LORD,
      “Which has neither gates nor bars,
      Dwelling alone.
      32 Their camels shall be for booty,
      And the multitude of their cattle for plunder.
      I will scatter to all winds those in the farthest corners,
      And I will bring their calamity from all its sides,” says the LORD.
      33 “Hazor shall be a dwelling for jackals, a desolation forever;
      No one shall reside there,
      Nor son of man dwell in it.”
      1. Much of what the Lord said against other places, He also said here. 
      2. Please continue to note that the Lord cared about other nation in addition to Israel and Judah. 
      3. Whom would God used against Kedar and Hazor? 
        1. During the days of Jeremiah, 
        2. God used Nebuchadnezzar to hammer the nations. 
    8. 49.34–39 • Against Elam

      34 The word of the LORD that came to Jeremiah the prophet against Elam, in the beginning of the reign of Zedekiah king of Judah, saying, 35 “Thus says the LORD of hosts:

      ‘Behold, I will break the bow of Elam,
      The foremost of their might.
      36 Against Elam I will bring the four winds
      From the four quarters of heaven,
      And scatter them toward all those winds;
      There shall be no nations where the outcasts of Elam will not go.
      37 For I will cause Elam to be dismayed before their enemies
      And before those who seek their life.
      I will bring disaster upon them,
      My fierce anger,’” says the LORD;
      “And I will send the sword after them
      Until I have consumed them.
      38 I will set My throne in Elam,
      And will destroy from there the king and the princes,” says the LORD.
      39 “But it shall come to pass in the latter days:
      I will bring back the captives of Elam,” says the LORD.
      1. Why is it that all nations eventually fall into sin? 
    9. Chaps 50–51 • Against Babylon 
      1. 50.1 • Against Babylon

        1 The word that the LORD spoke against Babylon and against the land of the Chaldeans by Jeremiah the prophet.
        1. God used Babylon to punish the nations, but did that mean He approved of them? 
          1. No, they had their own sins. 
          2. God placed Daniel, along with others, to show the truth to Babylon. 
        2. Babylon was a great power that probably thought it would never fall. 
      2. 50.2–3 • Destruction from the North

        2 “Declare among the nations,
        Proclaim, and set up a standard;
        Proclaim—do not conceal it—
        Say, ‘Babylon is taken, Bel is shamed.
        Merodach is broken in pieces;
        Her idols are humiliated,
        Her images are broken in pieces.’
        3 For out of the north a nation comes up against her,
        Which shall make her land desolate,
        And no one shall dwell therein.
        They shall move, they shall depart,
        Both man and beast.”
        1. Why did the Lord wanted this declared among the nations? 
          1. He wanted them to take note. 
          2. If they did not repent, they would suffer the same fate. 
        2. From where would the destruction come? 
          1. It would come from the north. 
          2. Who would that have been? 
      3. 50.4–7 • Jews Seek God

        4 In those days and in that time,” says the LORD,
        “The children of Israel shall come,
        They and the children of Judah together;
        With continual weeping they shall come,
        And seek the LORD their God.
        5 They shall ask the way to Zion,
        With their faces toward it, saying,
        ‘Come and let us join ourselves to the LORD
        In a perpetual covenant
        That will not be forgotten.’
        6 My people have been lost sheep.
        Their shepherds have led them astray;
        They have turned them away on the mountains.
        They have gone from mountain to hill;
        They have forgotten their resting place.
        7 All who found them have devoured them;
        And their adversaries said, ‘We have not offended,
        Because they have sinned against the LORD, the habitation of justice,
        The LORD, the hope of their fathers.’”
        1. What would happen after the fall of Babylon? 
          1. The Jews would return and the Book of Ezra shows it happening. 
          2. In what manner shall they return to the Lord? 
            1. They will have continual weeping. 
            2. Why do you think they would weep continually? 
        2. According to verse 6, what had happened to the Lord’s people? 
      4. 50.8–10 • Babylon Plundered

        8 “Move from the midst of Babylon,
        Go out of the land of the Chaldeans;
        And be like the rams before the flocks.
        9 For behold, I will raise and cause to come up against Babylon
        An assembly of great nations from the north country,
        And they shall array themselves against her;
        From there she shall be captured.
        Their arrows shall be like those of an expert warrior;
        None shall return in vain.
        10 And Chaldea shall become plunder;
        All who plunder her shall be satisfied,” says the LORD.
        1. From my sermons, and especially at this morning’s service, 
          1. I have shown you that Babylon plundered Egypt, and 
          2. Babylon plundered Israel and other nations. 
            1. Where then did all that plunder go? 
            2. Could we find it in Babylon, modern Iraq? 
              1. No, unless they had hidden some. 
              2. Other nations, this prophecy shows, would plunder Babylon. 
                1. The treasure of Egypt might have been lost, although I find that difficult to believe, or 
                2. the plunderers might have melted it down, or 
                3. it might be in the hands of private collectors. 
        2. Babylon had its own sins that called forth wrath. 
      5. 50.11–13 • Babylon Enjoyed Destroying God’s Heritage

        11 “Because you were glad, because you rejoiced,
        You destroyers of My heritage,
        Because you have grown fat like a heifer threshing grain,
        And you bellow like bulls,
        12 Your mother shall be deeply ashamed;
        She who bore you shall be ashamed.
        Behold, the least of the nations shall be a wilderness,
        A dry land and a desert.
        13 Because of the wrath of the LORD
        She shall not be inhabited,
        But she shall be wholly desolate.
        Everyone who goes by Babylon shall be horrified
        And hiss at all her plagues.”
        1. The Lord gave Babylon a job to do, 
          1. punish Judah and Jerusalem, but 
          2. Babylon enjoyed crushing the Jews. 
        2. Babylon like Egypt was once a glorious and beautiful place, but their sin brought God’s wrath in a mighty way, changing the area permanently. 
      6. 50.14–16 • Attack Babylon

        14 “Put yourselves in array against Babylon all around,
        All you who bend the bow;
        Shoot at her, spare no arrows,
        For she has sinned against the LORD.
        15 Shout against her all around;
        She has given her hand,
        Her foundations have fallen,
        Her walls are thrown down;
        For it is the vengeance of the LORD.
        Take vengeance on her.
        As she has done, so do to her.
        16 Cut off the sower from Babylon,
        And him who handles the sickle at harvest time.
        For fear of the oppressing sword
        Everyone shall turn to his own people,
        And everyone shall flee to his own land.”
        1. Why did the Lord order this attack on Babylon? 
          1. Verse 14 – She had sinned against the Lord. 
          2. What does that mean, because all people and all nations sin against the Lord, but He does not destroy them right away? 
        2. According to verse 15, why were these things being done to Babylon? 
      7. 50.17 • Israel Had Suffered

        17 “Israel is like scattered sheep;
        The lions have driven him away.
        First the king of Assyria devoured him;
        Now at last this Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon has broken his bones.”
        1. Israel had suffered at the hands of many nations, but for their own sins. 
        2. To what extent had Israel suffered under the Assyrians? 
        3. What did the Lord say Babylon had done to Israel? 
      8. 50.18–20 • Israel Pardoned, Babylon Punished

        18 Therefore thus says the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel:

        “Behold, I will punish the king of Babylon and his land,
        As I have punished the king of Assyria.
        19 But I will bring back Israel to his home,
        And he shall feed on Carmel and Bashan;
        His soul shall be satisfied on Mount Ephraim and Gilead.
        20 In those days and in that time,” says the LORD,
        “The iniquity of Israel shall be sought, but there shall be none;
        And the sins of Judah, but they shall not be found;
        For I will pardon those whom I preserve.”
        1. Assyrian was punished, Babylon would be punished. 
          1. Would God be just if He punished Assyria for its sins, but 
            1. did not punish Babylon? 
          2. Would God be just if He punished Assyria and Babylon, but 
            1. did not punish other nations? 
        2. How would the Lord treat Israel and Judah? 
        3. Why would He treat them differently than Assyria and Babylon? 
      9. 50.21–28 • Utterly Destroy Babylon

        21 “Go up against the land of Merathaim, against it,
        And against the inhabitants of Pekod.
        Waste and utterly destroy them,” says the LORD,
        “And do according to all that I have commanded you.
        22 A sound of battle is in the land,
        And of great destruction.
        23 How the hammer of the whole earth has been cut apart and broken!
        How Babylon has become a desolation among the nations!
        I have laid a snare for you;
        24 You have indeed been trapped, O Babylon,
        And you were not aware;
        You have been found and also caught,
        Because you have contended against the LORD.
        25 The LORD has opened His armory,
        And has brought out the weapons of His indignation;
        For this is the work of the Lord GOD of hosts
        In the land of the Chaldeans.
        26 Come against her from the farthest border;
        Open her storehouses;
        Cast her up as heaps of ruins,
        And destroy her utterly;
        Let nothing of her be left.
        27 Slay all her bulls,
        Let them go down to the slaughter.
        Woe to them!
        For their day has come, the time of their punishment.
        28 The voice of those who flee and escape from the land of Babylon
        Declares in Zion the vengeance of the LORD our God,
        The vengeance of His temple.”
        1. Merathaim and Pekod were either cities in Babylon or they represented Babylon as shown by the meaning of their names: 
          1. Double Bitterness 
          2. Double Rebellion 
        2. Babylon had been the what of the whole earth? 
        3. Why did the Lord trap and catch Babylon? (v. 24) 
        4. Picture verse 25, the Lord opening His armory. 
        5. How much would be left of Babylon? 
      10. “Call together the archers against Babylon.
        All you who bend the bow, encamp against it all around;
        Let none of them escape.
        Repay her according to her work;
        According to all she has done, do to her;
        For she has been proud against the LORD,
        Against the Holy One of Israel.
        30 Therefore her young men shall fall in the streets,
        And all her men of war shall be cut off in that day,” says the LORD.
        31 “Behold, I am against you,
        O most haughty one!” says the Lord GOD of hosts;
        “For your day has come,
        The time that I will punish you.
        32 The most proud shall stumble and fall,
        And no one will raise him up;
        I will kindle a fire in his cities,
        And it will devour all around him.”
        1. With God doing battle against Babylon, 
          1. they would lose in just the way that He wanted them to lose. 
          2. Not one person would escape that He did not want to escape. 
        2. Notice that the Lord would be behind the attacking army. 
          1. He would simply repay them as they had done to others. 
          2. What was Babylon’s sin in verse 29? 
      11. “The children of Israel were oppressed,
        Along with the children of Judah;
        All who took them captive have held them fast;
        They have refused to let them go.
        34 Their Redeemer is strong;
        The LORD of hosts is His name.
        He will thoroughly plead their case,
        That He may give rest to the land,
        And disquiet the inhabitants of Babylon.”
        1. The Lord was the one who had used Babylon to take Judah captive. 
          1. Therefore, He would be the one to release Judah. 
          2. However, Babylon would not do it, and 
            1. the words of verse 33 
            2. remind us of Pharaoh’s attitude toward Israel. 
        2. Just as in the case of Pharaoh, 
          1. Judah had a redeemer, 
          2. the Lord of hosts and He was stronger than Babylon. 
      12. “A sword is against the Chaldeans,” says the LORD,
        “Against the inhabitants of Babylon,
        And against her princes and her wise men.
        36 A sword is against the soothsayers, and they will be fools.
        A sword is against her mighty men, and they will be dismayed.
        37 A sword is against their horses,
        Against their chariots,
        And against all the mixed peoples who are in her midst;
        And they will become like women.
        A sword is against her treasures, and they will be robbed.
        38 A drought is against her waters, and they will be dried up.
        For it is the land of carved images,
        And they are insane with their idols.”
        1. The sword of the Lord was against everyone in Babylon. 
        2. Since the sword would be against everyone, 
          1. what would they all become like? 
          2. They would become like women. 
            1. What did He mean by that? 
        3. What would happen to the land? 
      13. “Therefore the wild desert beasts shall dwell there with the jackals,
        And the ostriches shall dwell in it.
        It shall be inhabited no more forever,
        Nor shall it be dwelt in from generation to generation.
        40 As God overthrew Sodom and Gomorrah
        And their neighbors,” says the LORD,
        “So no one shall reside there,
        Nor son of man dwell in it.”
        1. Who lives in Sodom and Gomorrah now? 
        2. Who lives in Babylon? 
        3. Where is it located? 
      14. “Behold, a people shall come from the north,
        And a great nation and many kings
        Shall be raised up from the ends of the earth.
        42 They shall hold the bow and the lance;
        They are cruel and shall not show mercy.
        Their voice shall roar like the sea;
        They shall ride on horses,
        Set in array, like a man for the battle,
        Against you, O daughter of Babylon.”
        1. Babylon knew that its attackers would come from the north. 
          1. That would be the Medes and Persians. 
          2. Note that the Medes and Persians would have allies. 
        2. Would they show mercy to the Babylonians? 
        3. What would their voice be like? 
      15. “The king of Babylon has heard the report about them,
        And his hands grow feeble;
        Anguish has taken hold of him,
        Pangs as of a woman in childbirth.
        44 Behold, he shall come up like a lion from the floodplain of the Jordan
        Against the dwelling place of the strong;
        But I will make them suddenly run away from her.
        And who is a chosen man that I may appoint over her?
        For who is like Me?
        Who will arraign Me?
        And who is that shepherd
        Who will withstand Me?
        45 Therefore hear the counsel of the LORD that He has taken against Babylon,
        And His purposes that He has proposed against the land of the Chaldeans:
        Surely the least of the flock shall draw them out;
        Surely He will make their dwelling place desolate with them.
        46 At the noise of the taking of Babylon
        The earth trembles,
        And the cry is heard among the nations.”
        1. Here of the terrifying army arrayed against him would do what to the Babylonian king? 
        2. From what other direction would the attackers come? 
          1. Or is verse 44 and the lion reference using that to illustrate how the attacker would be. 
          2. It would be sudden and inescapable, like a lion attacking from the bushes along the flooded Jordan. 
        3. What did the Lord mean in the last half of verse 44 concerning those statements about Himself? 
      16. “Behold, I will raise up against Babylon,
        Against those who dwell in Leb Kamai,
        A destroying wind.
        2 And I will send winnowers to Babylon,
        Who shall winnow her and empty her land.
        For in the day of doom
        They shall be against her all around.
        3 Against her let the archer bend his bow,
        And lift himself up against her in his armor.
        Do not spare her young men;
        Utterly destroy all her army.
        4 Thus the slain shall fall in the land of the Chaldeans,
        And those thrust through in her streets.
        5 For Israel is not forsaken, nor Judah,
        By his God, the LORD of hosts,
        Though their land was filled with sin against the Holy One of Israel.”
        1. What did the destroying wind and winnowers symbolize? 
        2. How thoroughly shall they clear the land? 
        3. While Babylon would suffer utter destruction what would Israel and Judah experience? 
      17. Flee from the midst of Babylon,
        And every one save his life!
        Do not be cut off in her iniquity,
        For this is the time of the LORD’S vengeance;
        He shall recompense her.
        7 Babylon was a golden cup in the LORD’S hand,
        That made all the earth drunk.
        The nations drank her wine;
        Therefore the nations are deranged.
        8 Babylon has suddenly fallen and been destroyed.
        Wail for her!
        Take balm for her pain;
        Perhaps she may be healed.
        1. The irreversible destruction of Babylon had arrived. 
        2. Therefore, everyone was to flee who could. 
        3. Interestingly, Babylon made others drunk from the wine of God’s wrath and suddenly Babylon would drink of the wine of God’s wrath. 
      18. We would have healed Babylon,
        But she is not healed.
        Forsake her, and let us go everyone to his own country;
        For her judgment reaches to heaven and is lifted up to the skies.
        10 The LORD has revealed our righteousness.
        Come and let us declare in Zion the work of the LORD our God.
        1. Everyone who did not belong to Babylon had to leave. 
        2. The Lord had the Jews leave also and return to their land, although some stayed behind in the Persian Empire. 
        3. Babylon had gone beyond the time of healing. 
      19. Make the arrows bright!
        Gather the shields!
        The LORD has raised up the spirit of the kings of the Medes.
        For His plan is against Babylon to destroy it,
        Because it is the vengeance of the LORD,
        The vengeance for His temple.
        12 Set up the standard on the walls of Babylon;
        Make the guard strong,
        Set up the watchmen,
        Prepare the ambushes.
        For the LORD has both devised and done
        What He spoke against the inhabitants of Babylon.
        13 O you who dwell by many waters,
        Abundant in treasures,
        Your end has come,
        The measure of your covetousness.
        14 The LORD of hosts has sworn by Himself:
        “Surely I will fill you with men, as with locusts,
        And they shall lift up a shout against you.”
        1. Who raised up the kings of the Medes? 
        2. Consider why one nation decides to attack another, that it might be the Lord’s doing in some cases. 
      20. He has made the earth by His power;
        He has established the world by His wisdom,
        And stretched out the heaven by His understanding.
        16 When He utters His voice—
        There is a multitude of waters in the heavens:
        “He causes the vapors to ascend from the ends of the earth;
        He makes lightnings for the rain;
        He brings the wind out of His treasuries.”
        1. Why do you think Jeremiah interjected this teaching? 
      21. Everyone is dull-hearted, without knowledge;
        Every metalsmith is put to shame by the carved image;
        For his molded image is falsehood,
        And there is no breath in them.
        18 They are futile, a work of errors;
        In the time of their punishment they shall perish.
        19 The Portion of Jacob is not like them,
        For He is the Maker of all things;
        And Israel is the tribe of His inheritance.
        The LORD of hosts is His name.
        1. Think of the ignorance behind idolatry! 
        2. However, the Portion of Jacob differs greatly. 
      22. “You are My battle-ax and weapons of war:
        For with you I will break the nation in pieces;
        With you I will destroy kingdoms;
        21 With you I will break in pieces the horse and its rider;
        With you I will break in pieces the chariot and its rider;
        22 With you also I will break in pieces man and woman;
        With you I will break in pieces old and young;
        With you I will break in pieces the young man and the maiden;
        23 With you also I will break in pieces the shepherd and his flock;
        With you I will break in pieces the farmer and his yoke of oxen;
        And with you I will break in pieces governors and rulers.
        1. Since the context is of Babylon, it must be that the battle-ax is Babylon. 
        2. One commentator pointed that the verbs are past tense in Hebrew. 
        3. So then this is what God had used Babylon for, but He was about to do the same to them, using other nations. 
      23. “And I will repay Babylon
        And all the inhabitants of Chaldea
        For all the evil they have done
        In Zion in your sight,” says the LORD.
        25 “Behold, I am against you, O destroying mountain,
        Who destroys all the earth,” says the LORD.
        “And I will stretch out My hand against you,
        Roll you down from the rocks,
        And make you a burnt mountain.
        26 They shall not take from you a stone for a corner
        Nor a stone for a foundation,
        But you shall be desolate forever,” says the LORD.
        1. Even nations reap what they sow. 
        2. Therefore, even as Babylon destroyed, so it would be destroyed. 
        3. How far would the destruction go? 
      24. Set up a banner in the land,
        Blow the trumpet among the nations!
        Prepare the nations against her,
        Call the kingdoms together against her:
        Ararat, Minni, and Ashkenaz.
        Appoint a general against her;
        Cause the horses to come up like the bristling locusts.
        28 Prepare against her the nations,
        With the kings of the Medes,
        Its governors and all its rulers,
        All the land of his dominion.
        29 And the land will tremble and sorrow;
        For every purpose of the LORD shall be performed against Babylon,
        To make the land of Babylon a desolation without inhabitant.
        30 The mighty men of Babylon have ceased fighting,
        They have remained in their strongholds;
        Their might has failed,
        They became like women;
        They have burned her dwelling places,
        The bars of her gate are broken.
        31 One runner will run to meet another,
        And one messenger to meet another,
        To show the king of Babylon that his city is taken on all sides;
        32 The passages are blocked,
        The reeds they have burned with fire,
        And the men of war are terrified.
        1. What additional nations to the Medes and the Persians did God call? 
        2. How numerous would the horses be? 
      25. “The daughter of Babylon is like a threshing floor
        When it is time to thresh her;
        Yet a little while
        And the time of her harvest will come.”
        34 Nebuchadnezzar the king of Babylon
        Has devoured me, he has crushed me;
        He has made me an empty vessel,
        He has swallowed me up like a monster;
        He has filled his stomach with my delicacies,
        He has spit me out.
        35 Let the violence done to me and my flesh be upon Babylon,”
        The inhabitant of Zion will say;
        “And my blood be upon the inhabitants of Chaldea!”
        Jerusalem will say.
        1. God timed the destruction of Babylon. 
          1. Why do you think He timed it? 
          2. Was He waiting for the Babylonians to repent? 
          3. Could He have been waiting for the benefit of the other nations because when Babylon fell it would affect the other nations? 
        2. What would Zion say of Nebuchadnezzar’s treatment of her? 
        3. Zion would want vengeance on Babylon, but would let the Lord carry it out. 
      26. “Behold, I will plead your case and take vengeance for you.
        I will dry up her sea and make her springs dry.
        37 Babylon shall become a heap,
        A dwelling place for jackals,
        An astonishment and a hissing,
        Without an inhabitant.
        38 They shall roar together like lions,
        They shall growl like lions’ whelps.
        39 In their excitement I will prepare their feasts;
        I will make them drunk,
        That they may rejoice,
        And sleep a perpetual sleep
        And not awake,” says the LORD.
        40 “I will bring them down
        Like lambs to the slaughter,
        Like rams with male goats.
        41 Oh, how Sheshach is taken!
        Oh, how the praise of the whole earth is seized!
        How Babylon has become desolate among the nations!
        42 The sea has come up over Babylon;
        She is covered with the multitude of its waves.
        43 Her cities are a desolation,
        A dry land and a wilderness,
        A land where no one dwells,
        Through which no son of man passes.
        44 I will punish Bel in Babylon,
        And I will bring out of his mouth what he has swallowed;
        And the nations shall not stream to him anymore.
        Yes, the wall of Babylon shall fall.”
        1. To whom was the Lord responding in verse 36? 
        2. What would become of Babylon? 
        3. What is the picture in verse 39 of perpetual sleep? 
        4. To what does the Lord refer when saying that He would bring out of the mouth of Bel what he has swallowed? 
          1. That would be all the plunder and loot that Babylon had taken from the other nations, such as Egypt and Judah, in particular Jerusalem. 
          2. Others would plunder Babylon’s treasures that they had plundered from elsewhere. 
      27. “My people, go out of the midst of her!
        And let everyone deliver himself from the fierce anger of the LORD.
        46 And lest your heart faint,
        And you fear for the rumor that will be heard in the land
        (A rumor will come one year,
        And after that, in another year
        A rumor will come,
        And violence in the land,
        Ruler against ruler),
        47 Therefore behold, the days are coming
        That I will bring judgment on the carved images of Babylon;
        Her whole land shall be ashamed,
        And all her slain shall fall in her midst.
        48 Then the heavens and the earth and all that is in them
        Shall sing joyously over Babylon;
        For the plunderers shall come to her from the north,” says the LORD.
        1. God tells Christians later a similar message. See Rev 18.4ff. 
        2. God does not want His people suffering the fate of evil. 
      28. As Babylon has caused the slain of Israel to fall,
        So at Babylon the slain of all the earth shall fall.
        50 You who have escaped the sword,
        Get away! Do not stand still!
        Remember the LORD afar off,
        And let Jerusalem come to your mind.
        1. What was the best way for the Jews to escape the fate of Babylon? 
        2. It was to remember the Lord and Jerusalem. 
        3. How would that help them to avoid the fate of Babylon? 
      29. We are ashamed because we have heard reproach.
        Shame has covered our faces,
        For strangers have come into the sanctuaries of the LORD’S house.
        1. Why or how did shame cover the faces of the Jews? 
        2. Why would strangers in the sanctuaries of the Lord’s house be a reason for shame? 
      30. “Therefore behold, the days are coming,” says the LORD,
        “That I will bring judgment on her carved images,
        And throughout all her land the wounded shall groan.
        53 Though Babylon were to mount up to heaven,
        And though she were to fortify the height of her strength,
        Yet from Me plunderers would come to her,” says the LORD.
        1. Because of Babylon’s shaming of the Lord’s house, He would bring judgment on their idols. 
        2. The Babylonians thought the Lord was nothing, but He would show that their gods were nothing. 
        3. Therefore, the Babylonians could mount themselves as high as they desired, but it would fail because the Lord would be against them. 
      31. The sound of a cry comes from Babylon,
        And great destruction from the land of the Chaldeans,
        55 Because the LORD is plundering Babylon
        And silencing her loud voice,
        Though her waves roar like great waters,
        And the noise of their voice is uttered,
        56 Because the plunderer comes against her, against Babylon,
        And her mighty men are taken.
        Every one of their bows is broken;
        For the LORD is the God of recompense,
        He will surely repay.
        57 “And I will make drunk
        Her princes and wise men,
        Her governors, her deputies, and her mighty men.
        And they shall sleep a perpetual sleep
        And not awake,” says the King,
        Whose name is the LORD of hosts.
        58 Thus says the LORD of hosts:

        “The broad walls of Babylon shall be utterly broken,
        And her high gates shall be burned with fire;
        The people will labor in vain,
        And the nations, because of the fire;
        And they shall be weary.”
        1. How would the Lord silence Babylon? 
        2. Notice (v. 56) that our God is a God of recompense. 
        3. How devastating would the fall of Babylon be? 

      32. “The broad walls of Babylon shall be utterly broken,
        And her high gates shall be burned with fire;
        The people will labor in vain,
        And the nations, because of the fire;
        And they shall be weary.”
        1. The indestructible would be utterly destroyed. 
        2. The broad walls of Babylon according to A. R. Fausset:

          “—eighty-seven feet road…fifty cubits…A chariot of four horses abreast could meet another on it without collision. The walls were 200 cubits high and 485 stadia, or sixty miles, in extent. [Her gates were] 100 in number, of brass; twenty-five on each of the four sides, the city being square; between the gates were 250 towers…triple walls encompassed the outer, and the same number the inner city” (page 181).
      33. 33.51.59–64 • A Sign of Babylon’s Fall

        59 The word which Jeremiah the prophet commanded Seraiah the son of Neriah, the son of Mahseiah, when he went with Zedekiah the king of Judah to Babylon in the fourth year of his reign. And Seraiah was the quartermaster. 60 So Jeremiah wrote in a book all the evil that would come upon Babylon, all these words that are written against Babylon. 61 And Jeremiah said to Seraiah, “When you arrive in Babylon and see it, and read all these words, 62 then you shall say, O LORD, You have spoken against this place to cut it off, so that none shall remain in it, neither man nor beast, but it shall be desolate forever. 63 Now it shall be, when you have finished reading this book, that you shall tie a stone to it and throw it out into the Euphrates. 64 Then you shall say, Thus Babylon shall sink and not rise from the catastrophe that I will bring upon her. And they shall be weary.” Thus far are the words of Jeremiah.
        1. This sealed the fate of Babylon. 
        2. They had reached the point of no return.