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Special Vows to the Lord

Leviticus 27

Don Ruhl • Savage Street, Grants Pass, Oregon • January 29, ad 2012



  1. Leviticus 27.1–8 • Vows Pertaining to People
    1. As we progress through the text we shall understand this valuation.
    2. Remember Hannah dedicated Samuel to the Lord.
    3. This valuation was not based on the worth of people, but
      1. upon their potential work or income.
      2. A shekel represented one month’s pay.
        1. Thus, you can see how much money was put out to redeem someone.
  2. Leviticus 27.9–13 • Vows Pertaining to Animals
    1. If one decided to redeem that which had been given to the Lord,
    2. then that person could pay the valuation price, plus one-fifth.
  3. Leviticus 27.14, 15 • Vows Pertaining to Homes
  4. Leviticus 27.16–25 • Vows Pertaining to Property
    1. If someone did not want to redeem land that was dedicated to the Lord, or
    2. if it had been sold,
      1. then in the Jubilee,
      2. it would not revert to the original owner.
        1. What would happen to it?
        2. It stayed perpetually devoted to the Lord, and
        3. became the priest’s possession.
  5. Leviticus 27.26, 27 • Firstborn Animals Cannot Be Used for a Vow
    1. Why could firstborn animals not be dedicated in a vow?
    2. It truly did not belong to the owner, because the firstborn belong to the Lord.
    3. An “unclean” animal in this context must be a clean animal that was deemed unclean because of a defect or something that the owner had not noticed.
  6. Leviticus 27.28–33 • Further Regulations on Vows
  7. Leviticus 27.34 • Summation of the Law


  1. Sometimes people make rash vows.
    1. Remember Jephthah.
    2. Notice in this chapter that the Lord did not provide a way out of a vow.
      1. Even if someone wanted to redeem what they had vowed,
      2. they still had to pay a price.
  2. Vows must be kept:
    1. Psalm 15
    2. Pro 20.25
    3. Ecc 5.1–7