Sermon: Yahweh Spoke to My Lord, Psalm 110



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Purpose: To deepen our appreciation for Jesus as the Messiah and what He does for us

Yahweh Spoke to My Lord

Psalm 110

Don Ruhl • Savage Street, Grants Pass, Oregon • February 14, In the year of our Lord, 2016

Song Leader and Song Suggestions: Kevin Michael – Songs on Jesus


  1. The most popular Psalm to us is Psalm 23.
    1. Psalm 23 is not the most popular Psalm to the New Testament.
    2. No, the New Testament quotes Psalm 110 more than any other Psalm, and
      1. some even say, that the New Testament quotes Psalm 110.1
      2. more than anything from the Hebrew Bible, from the Old Testament!
    3. One commentator (Warren Wiersbe) says the New Testament uses
      1. verse 1 twenty-five times, and
      2. verse 4 ten times!
  2. What then does this Psalm say?


  1. Psalm 110.0 – The Spirit Used David

    0 A Psalm of David.

    1. In Matthew 22.43, Jesus said
    2. that David spoke in the Spirit.
      1. David could not have known these on his own.
  2. Psalm 110.1–2 – Yahweh Spoke to My Lord

    1 The LORD said to my Lord,
    “Sit at My right hand,
    Till I make Your enemies Your footstool.”
    2 The LORD shall send the rod of Your strength out of Zion.
    Rule in the midst of Your enemies!

    1. Who spoke to who?
      1. The first line already provided a great mystery.
      2. Two share in deity.
        1. Remember “Lord” versus “Lord.”
    2. However, One had authority over the other.
      1. Jesus made a point of this passage to His enemies.
      2. Matthew 22 shows
        1. that, first, the Sadducees tried to trip up Jesus.
        2. After they failed the Pharisees tried.
          1. After they failed, Jesus asked them a question,

            41 While the Pharisees were gathered together, Jesus asked them, 42 saying, “What do you think about the Christ? Whose Son is He?” They said to Him, “The Son of David.” 43 He said to them, “How then does David in the Spirit call Him ‘Lord,’ saying:
            44 “The LORD said to my Lord,
            ‘Sit at My right hand,
            Till I make Your enemies Your footstool’”?

            45 If David then calls Him ‘Lord,’ how is He his Son?” (Matt 22.41–45).

          2. Jesus did not deny that the Christ is the Son of David.
            1. However, as Christ, He has preeminence even over David, for
            2. David himself called the Christ, “My Lord.”
          3. They did not have a full understand of the identity of the Christ.
            1. These men knew the Scriptures, but
            2. they missed somethings.
              1. Is it possible the same could be said of us?
              2. Have we missed something of vital importance?
    3. Jesus is the Christ.
      1. Therefore, Jesus is the Lord of Psalm 110.
      2. Psalm 110 shows the exaltation of the Lord Jesus Christ.
        1. When we confess Jesus is Lord,
        2. you should keep in mind what this Psalm declares of Him.
    4. Yahweh, God the Father, invited Jesus to sit at the Father’s right hand.
      1. Jesus occupies the throne.
      2. Jesus occupies that throne now.
        1. Therefore, He reigns as King from heaven now.
        2. The rest of the Psalm shows
          1. that the people of Earth come under His reign,
          2. even His enemies, whether they acknowledge it or not.
    5. How long shall this arrangement last?
      1. It will last till His enemies become His footstool.
      2. Many of His enemies have already become His footstool, and
        1. they become so in different ways.
        2. He converts some, such as the people who crucified Him (Acts 2).
        3. Others He destroys their nation, or city, such as Jerusalem in ad 70.
          1. However, not all of His enemies have become His footstool.
          2. First Corinthians 15 shows the time of the defeat of the last enemy,

            24 Then comes the end, when He delivers the kingdom to God the Father, when He puts an end to all rule and all authority and power. 25 For He must reign till He has put all enemies under His feet. 26 The last enemy that will be destroyed is death. 27 For “He has put all things under His feet.” But when He says “all things are put under Him,” it is evident that He who put all things under Him is excepted. 28 Now when all things are made subject to Him, then the Son Himself will also be subject to Him who put all things under Him, that God may be all in all (1Co 15.24–28).

            1. Death has not yet submitted fully to Jesus.
            2. When the general resurrection occurs at the end of time,
              1. Jesus will destroy death, for
              2. the Book of Revelation shows the casting of death into the lake of fire.
          3. Paul quoted Psalm 110,
            1. showing that the Psalm prophesied of the conquering of death.
            2. Also, Paul wanted us to understand from Psalm 8.6
              1. that the placing of all things under the feet of Jesus,
              2. did not include the Father.
    6. Since verse 1 prophesied of Jesus reigning over His enemies,
      1. David continued to speak to the Lord Jesus,
      2. that the Father would send the rod of Jesus’ strength out of Zion,
        1. an allusion either to
          1. what began on that first Pentecost after the death of Jesus, or
          2. the church itself, the new, spiritual, and true Zion, Jerusalem.
        2. This allows Him to rule in the midst of His enemies.
          1. Typically we think of an enemy being in a different location, but
          2. He reigns right here on the Earth in front of all His enemies!
    7. What else does the New Testament say about Psalm 110.1?
      1. Mark 16.19 – Jesus sat down at the right hand of God
      2. Acts 2.34 – He ascended into the heavens
      3. Ephesians 1.20–22 – He is above all principalities and heads the church
      4. Hebrews 1.3–4 – He purged our sins and sat down next to the Father
      5. Hebrews 1.13 – He is above the angels
      6. Hebrews 10.12–13 – He made one sacrifice and sat next to God until His enemies are His footstool
      7. Hebrews 12.2 – He sat down at the right hand of the throne of God
      8. First Peter 3.22 – Angels, authorities, and powers submit to Him
    8. Let your soul soar with knowledge of the identity of Jesus of Nazareth!
  3. Psalm 110.3 – The People of the Messiah

    3 Your people shall be volunteers
    In the day of Your power;
    In the beauties of holiness, from the womb of the morning,
    You have the dew of Your youth.

    1. Neither Jesus nor the Father force anyone to join their ranks.
      1. You become a follower of Jesus,
      2. you come under the reign of the Christ, because
        1. you volunteer to do so.
        2. You have been born again and you join His army.
    2. He uses us to accomplish some of the things this Psalm mentions.
  4. Psalm 110.4 – The Messiah Is Also the Priest

    4 The LORD has sworn
    And will not relent,
    “You are a priest forever
    According to the order of Melchizedek.”

    1. The Book of Hebrews quotes this verse several times.
    2. The Father made a promise that He will not take back,
      1. that Jesus is a priest forever, and
      2. that His priesthood follows the order of Melchizedek.
        1. Melchizedek served as king and priest simultaneously.
        2. His priesthood and his kingship did not depend upon his genealogy.
    3. Jesus serves as a priest forever, because
      1. death does not prevent Him from continuing,
      2. rather His death allowed Him to do His greatest duty as priest.
        1. As you know, He rose from the dead,
        2. entered heaven, and now
          1. serves as our High Priest forever.
            1. His death was the one sacrifice
            2. that He offered to remove sin forever.
          2. Therefore, you can always go to Him to have your sins forgiven.
    4. Why did David insert into this Psalm
      1. the Melchizedekian priesthood of the Messiah?
      2. By His priesthood and as a king,
        1. He defeats His enemies.
        2. His enemies thought that they defeated Him by killing Him, but
          1. actually He defeated them, because
          2. He rose from the dead and then became our priest.
    5. In what other ways does the New Testament use Psalm 110.4?
      1. Hebrews 5.6 – Jesus did not glorify Himself to be priest
      2. Hebrews 6.19–20 – He entered before us into heaven
      3. Hebrews 7.11 – Perfection comes through His priesthood
      4. Hebrews 7.17 – He has the power of an endless life
      5. Hebrews 7.28 – He has been perfected forever.
    6. Next in verses 5–7, David expanded upon what he said in verse 1.
  5. Psalm 110.5–7 – The Reign of the Messiah Over His Enemies

    5 The Lord is at Your right hand;
    He shall execute kings in the day of His wrath.
    6 He shall judge among the nations,
    He shall fill the places with dead bodies,
    He shall execute the heads of many countries.
    7 He shall drink of the brook by the wayside;
    Therefore He shall lift up the head.

    1. The Christ sits at the right hand of Yahweh, God the Father, and
    2. from the Father’s right hand Jesus does six things:
      1. Battle
        1. Executes kings in the day of His wrath,
        2. Judges among the nations,
        3. Fills the places with dead bodies,
        4. Execute the heads of many countries, and
      2. Victory
        1. Drinks of the book by the wayside and
        2. Lifts up the head.


  1. Psalm 110 shows the Christ
    1. as King and Priest simultaneously,
    2. as David’s Lord and as David’s son simultaneously,
    3. as divine and as man simultaneously.
  2. Will Jesus ever reign from the Earth?
    1. He will be a priest forever.
      1. However, Hebrews 8 shows that He cannot be a priest on Earth.
      2. If He returned to the Earth, as some teach,
        1. He would have to give up His eternal priesthood.
        2. Yet, He will not do that, because
          1. the Father promised Him
          2. that He would be a priest forever.
    2. He will serve as Priest while simultaneously reigning as King.
      1. If He comes to the Earth to reign,
      2. He gives up His throne in heaven.
    3. He serves as King and Priest forever simultaneously.
  3. Did you hear what the Christ is yet to do?
    1. He has a day of wrath that will come upon all nations.
    2. He will then judge all the nations.
      1. The question for you to contemplate:
      2. Will you come under His wrath?
        1. If so, escape it!
        2. Acts 2.37 shows the Jews,
          1. whom Peter accused of killing the One that Psalm 110 is about,
          2. begging to know what they had to do.
            1. Peter said to repent and be baptized in the name of Jesus.
            2. He would forgive them and give His Holy Spirit to them.
        3. Acts 9.6 shows Paul asking the Lord,
          1. just after Paul had discovered that Jesus was not a fraud, but
          2. that Jesus is the Lord,
            1. what the Lord wanted Paul to do.
            2. He was to go to Damascus, for
              1. he was close to it since that was his destination, and
              2. someone there would tell him what to do.
        4. Acts 16.30 shows the jailer in charge of Paul and Silas,
          1. asking what he had to do to be saved.
          2. The preachers told him to believe on the Lord Jesus Christ, and
            1. then they baptized the jailer that very night.
        5. Acts 22.10, 16 show Paul asking the Lord what he had to do, and
          1. after Jesus told Paul go to into the city (Damascus),
          2. Jesus sent a man to Paul who told him what to do,

            16 “And now why are you waiting? Arise and be baptized, and wash away your sins, calling on the name of the Lord” (Acts 22.16).
  4. As King Jesus can tell us what to do.
    1. As Priest Jesus can forgive us of our sins.
    2. Are you ready to follow Him?