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Class: A Magnificent Dedication for a Magnificent Temple, First Kings 8

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A Magnificent Dedication for a Magnificent Temple 

First Kings 8

Don Ruhl • Savage Street, Grants Pass, Oregon • September 21, In the year of our Lord, 2016

  1. First Kings 8.1–11 | The Magnificent Ark for the Magnificent Temple

    1 Now Solomon assembled the elders of Israel and all the heads of the tribes, the chief fathers of the children of Israel, to King Solomon in Jerusalem, that they might bring up the ark of the covenant of the LORD from the City of David, which is Zion. 2 Therefore all the men of Israel assembled with King Solomon at the feast in the month of Ethanim, which is the seventh month. 3 So all the elders of Israel came, and the priests took up the ark. 4 Then they brought up the ark of the LORD, the tabernacle of meeting, and all the holy furnishings that were in the tabernacle. The priests and the Levites brought them up. 5 Also King Solomon, and all the congregation of Israel who were assembled with him, were with him before the ark, sacrificing sheep and oxen that could not be counted or numbered for multitude. 6 Then the priests brought in the ark of the covenant of the LORD to its place, into the inner sanctuary of the temple, to the Most Holy Place, under the wings of the cherubim. 7 For the cherubim spread their two wings over the place of the ark, and the cherubim overshadowed the ark and its poles. 8 The poles extended so that the ends of the poles could be seen from the holy place, in front of the inner sanctuary; but they could not be seen from outside. And they are there to this day. 9 Nothing was in the ark except the two tablets of stone which Moses put there at Horeb, when the LORD made a covenant with the children of Israel, when they came out of the land of Egypt. 10 And it came to pass, when the priests came out of the holy place, that the cloud filled the house of the LORD, 11 so that the priests could not continue ministering because of the cloud; for the glory of the LORD filled the house of the LORD.
    1. They had completed the temple.
      1. It was time to bring the Ark of the Lord into His temple.
      2. What was the Ark and why was it so important?
      3. Remember:
        1. The Temple and its furnishings were shadows of real images.
        2. Concerning the Ark: Rev 11.19!
    2. How many offerings did they make?
    3. What did the priests think and feel as they moved the Ark between the Cherubim?
    4. What was in the Ark?
      1. When did Moses put the stone tablets in the Ark?
      2. With whom did the Lord make a covenant, symbolized by the tablets?
    5. What happened when the priests came out of The Holy Place?
      1. The cloud of the Lord’s glory filled the temple.
      2. What did the cloud prevent?
      3. Can you name other times when something similar happened?
        1. When the Lord entered the tabernacle (Exo 40.34–35).
        2. When Peter wanted to build tabernacles for Moses, Elijah, and Jesus (Matt 17.4).
  2. First Kings 8.12–13 | A Magnificent Declaration for a Magnificent House

    12 Then Solomon spoke:

    “The LORD said He would dwell in the dark cloud.
    13 I have surely built You an exalted house,
    And a place for You to dwell in forever.”

    1. Was your initial reaction to the cloud that it was bright?
    2. How does Solomon refer to it here?
    3. What was the purpose of the Temple, according to Solomon?
  3. First Kings 8.14–21 | A Magnificent People for a Magnificent Temple

    14 Then the king turned around and blessed the whole assembly of Israel, while all the assembly of Israel was standing. 15 And he said: “Blessed be the LORD God of Israel, who spoke with His mouth to my father David, and with His hand has fulfilled it, saying, 16 ‘Since the day that I brought My people Israel out of Egypt, I have chosen no city from any tribe of Israel in which to build a house, that My name might be there; but I chose David to be over My people Israel.’ 17 Now it was in the heart of my father David to build a temple for the name of the LORD God of Israel. 18 But the LORD said to my father David, ‘Whereas it was in your heart to build a temple for My name, you did well that it was in your heart. 19 Nevertheless you shall not build the temple, but your son who will come from your body, he shall build the temple for My name.’ 20 So the LORD has fulfilled His word which He spoke; and I have filled the position of my father David, and sit on the throne of Israel, as the LORD promised; and I have built a temple for the name of the LORD God of Israel. 21 And there I have made a place for the ark, in which is the covenant of the LORD which He made with our fathers, when He brought them out of the land of Egypt.”
    1. Solomon reminded Israel of why he built the Temple.
      1. Why was it necessary to review their history?
      2. It shows God’s hand in history.
    2. Solomon’s purpose for reviewing their history also brought glory to God.
      1. How did Solomon glorify God with his words to Israel?
        1. He showed that God kept His promise to David.
        2. He explained that God had him build the House.
      2. Solomon fore shadowed Jesus, who as the son of David built the true Temple.
  4. First Kings 8.22–53 | A Magnificent Prayer for a Magnificent Temple 
    1. 8.22 | Solomon’s prayer posture,

      22 Then Solomon stood before the altar of the LORD in the presence of all the assembly of Israel, and spread out his hands toward heaven;
      1. What was his posture?
      2. Why do you think he did those things?
      3. Would it be wrong for us to pray in the same manner?
    2. 8.23 | Our unique God,

      23 and he said: “LORD God of Israel, there is no God in heaven above or on earth below like You, who keep Your covenant and mercy with Your servants who walk before You with all their hearts.
      1. What makes our God unique?
      2. He keeps His covenant and mercy with His servants who walk before Him with all their hearts.
    3. 8.24 | Proof,

      24 You have kept what You promised Your servant David my father; You have both spoken with Your mouth and fulfilled it with Your hand, as it is this day.
      1. What was Solomon’s proof for the unique of God?
      2. God kept His promise to David.
        1. The fact that He spoke the promise, then
        2. the fact that He fulfilled it.
      3. God can both make promises and keep them!
    4. 8.25–26 | Urging God to continue to keep promises,

      25 Therefore, LORD God of Israel, now keep what You promised Your servant David my father, saying, ‘You shall not fail to have a man sit before Me on the throne of Israel, only if your sons take heed to their way, that they walk before Me as you have walked before Me.’ 26 And now I pray, O God of Israel, let Your word come true, which You have spoken to Your servant David my father.
      1. Solomon called upon the Lord to maintain this line of promises.
      2. Did this promise have conditions?
        1. What was the condition?
        2. Would Solomon and his descendants keep their part?
    5. 8.27 | What can contain God?

      27 But will God indeed dwell on the earth? Behold, heaven and the heaven of heavens cannot contain You. How much less this temple which I have built!
      1. If heaven and the heaven of heavens cannot contain God,
        1. Can the Earth contain Him?
        2. Can a man-built temple contain Him?
      2. Does that mean God cannot dwell in those places?
      3. What was Solomon’s point?
      4. Why speak that point in a prayer to God?
    6. 8.28–30 | May God regard our prayers

      28 Yet regard the prayer of Your servant and his supplication, O LORD my God, and listen to the cry and the prayer which Your servant is praying before You today: 29 that Your eyes may be open toward this temple night and day, toward the place of which You said, ‘My name shall be there,’ that You may hear the prayer which Your servant makes toward this place. 30 And may You hear the supplication of Your servant and of Your people Israel, when they pray toward this place. Hear in heaven Your dwelling place; and when You hear, forgive.
      1. If what Solomon said in verse 27 is true,
        1. then how much smaller is man?
        2. We are as nothing compared to God!
      2. Therefore, Solomon pleaded with God to hear the prayer.
      3. Why did Solomon want God to hear?
        1. That He would always be available for His people.
        2. That He would forgive their sins.
    7. 8.31–50 | Israel’s future prayer requests

      31 When anyone sins against his neighbor, and is forced to take an oath, and comes and takes an oath before Your altar in this temple, 32 then hear in heaven, and act, and judge Your servants, condemning the wicked, bringing his way on his head, and justifying the righteous by giving him according to his righteousness. 33 “When Your people Israel are defeated before an enemy because they have sinned against You, and when they turn back to You and confess Your name, and pray and make supplication to You in this temple, 34 then hear in heaven, and forgive the sin of Your people Israel, and bring them back to the land which You gave to their fathers. 35 “When the heavens are shut up and there is no rain because they have sinned against You, when they pray toward this place and confess Your name, and turn from their sin because You afflict them, 36 then hear in heaven, and forgive the sin of Your servants, Your people Israel, that You may teach them the good way in which they should walk; and send rain on Your land which You have given to Your people as an inheritance. 37 “When there is famine in the land, pestilence or blight or mildew, locusts or grasshoppers; when their enemy besieges them in the land of their cities; whatever plague or whatever sickness there is; 38 whatever prayer, whatever supplication is made by anyone, or by all Your people Israel, when each one knows the plague of his own heart, and spreads out his hands toward this temple: 39 then hear in heaven Your dwelling place, and forgive, and act, and give to everyone according to all his ways, whose heart You know (for You alone know the hearts of all the sons of men), 40 that they may fear You all the days that they live in the land which You gave to our fathers. 41 “Moreover, concerning a foreigner, who is not of Your people Israel, but has come from a far country for Your name’s sake 42 (for they will hear of Your great name and Your strong hand and Your outstretched arm), when he comes and prays toward this temple, 43 hear in heaven Your dwelling place, and do according to all for which the foreigner calls to You, that all peoples of the earth may know Your name and fear You, as do Your people Israel, and that they may know that this temple which I have built is called by Your name. 44 “When Your people go out to battle against their enemy, wherever You send them, and when they pray to the LORD toward the city which You have chosen and the temple which I have built for Your name, 45 then hear in heaven their prayer and their supplication, and maintain their cause. 46 “When they sin against You (for there is no one who does not sin), and You become angry with them and deliver them to the enemy, and they take them captive to the land of the enemy, far or near; 47 yet when they come to themselves in the land where they were carried captive, and repent, and make supplication to You in the land of those who took them captive, saying, “We have sinned and done wrong, we have committed wickedness’; 48 and when they return to You with all their heart and with all their soul in the land of their enemies who led them away captive, and pray to You toward their land which You gave to their fathers, the city which You have chosen and the temple which I have built for Your name: 49 then hear in heaven Your dwelling place their prayer and their supplication, and maintain their cause, 50 and forgive Your people who have sinned against You, and all their transgressions which they have transgressed against You; and grant them compassion before those who took them captive, that they may have compassion on them
      1. 8.31–32 | For the settling of disputes
      2. 8.33–34 | When defeated in war against an enemy
      3. 8.35–36 | When drought comes
      4. 8.37–40 | For all kinds of national tragedies
      5. 8.41–43 | When foreigners call upon the Lord
      6. 8.44–45 | When they go to battle against their enemies
      7. 8.46–50 | When they are taken captive
    8. 8.51–53 | Reason for answering the prayers of Israel

      51 (for they are Your people and Your inheritance, whom You brought out of Egypt, out of the iron furnace), 52 that Your eyes may be open to the supplication of Your servant and the supplication of Your people Israel, to listen to them whenever they call to You. 53 For You separated them from among all the peoples of the earth to be Your inheritance, as You spoke by Your servant Moses, when You brought our fathers out of Egypt, O Lord GOD.”
      1. Why did Solomon say the Lord should answer Israel’s prayers?
      2. They were His people and He separated them from all other peoples.
  5. First Kings 8.54–61 | A Magnificent Temple for a Magnificent God

    54 And so it was, when Solomon had finished praying all this prayer and supplication to the LORD, that he arose from before the altar of the LORD, from kneeling on his knees with his hands spread up to heaven. 55 Then he stood and blessed all the assembly of Israel with a loud voice, saying: 56 “Blessed be the LORD, who has given rest to His people Israel, according to all that He promised. There has not failed one word of all His good promise, which He promised through His servant Moses. 57 May the LORD our God be with us, as He was with our fathers. May He not leave us nor forsake us, 58 that He may incline our hearts to Himself, to walk in all His ways, and to keep His commandments and His statutes and His judgments, which He commanded our fathers. 59 And may these words of mine, with which I have made supplication before the LORD, be near the LORD our God day and night, that He may maintain the cause of His servant and the cause of His people Israel, as each day may require, 60 that all the peoples of the earth may know that the LORD is God; there is no other. 61 Let your heart therefore be loyal to the LORD our God, to walk in His statutes and keep His commandments, as at this day.”
    1. Describe Solomon’s prayer posture.
    2. How did this differ from the beginning of his prayer?
    3. What did Solomon say that blessed the Lord?
    4. Did Solomon think that only Israel should know the Lord?
      1. Do you see how all people must know the Old Testament?
      2. By the Old Testament, along with the New, come to know the Lord.
  6. First Kings 8.62–66 | Magnificent Offerings for a Magnificent God

    62 Then the king and all Israel with him offered sacrifices before the LORD. 63 And Solomon offered a sacrifice of peace offerings, which he offered to the LORD, twenty-two thousand bulls and one hundred and twenty thousand sheep. So the king and all the children of Israel dedicated the house of the LORD. 64 On the same day the king consecrated the middle of the court that was in front of the house of the LORD; for there he offered burnt offerings, grain offerings, and the fat of the peace offerings, because the bronze altar that was before the LORD was too small to receive the burnt offerings, the grain offerings, and the fat of the peace offerings. 65 At that time Solomon held a feast, and all Israel with him, a great assembly from the entrance of Hamath to the Brook of Egypt, before the LORD our God, seven days and seven more days—fourteen days. 66 On the eighth day he sent the people away; and they blessed the king, and went to their tents joyful and glad of heart for all the good that the LORD had done for His servant David, and for Israel His people.
    1. How many bulls and sheep did they offer?
    2. What other offerings did they make?
    3. How did the people respond to all these things?
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