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Second Kings 14 

Don Ruhl • Savage Street, Grants Pass, Oregon • March 1, In the year of our Lord, 2017

  1. Second Kings 14.1–4 | Amaziah Followed His Father Joash

    1 In the second year of Joash the son of Jehoahaz, king of Israel, Amaziah the son of Joash, king of Judah, became king. 2 He was twenty-five years old when he became king, and he reigned twenty-nine years in Jerusalem. His mother’s name was Jehoaddan of Jerusalem. 3 And he did what was right in the sight of the LORD, yet not like his father David; he did everything as his father Joash had done. 4 However the high places were not taken away, and the people still sacrificed and burned incense on the high places.

    1. The kings of Israel in this passage:
      1. Jehoahaz
      2. Joash
    2. The kings of Judah in this passage:
      1. Joash
      2. Amaziah
    3. How long did Amaziah live?
      1. He became king at 25.
      2. He reigned 29 years.
      3. Therefore, he died at 54 years of age.
    4. Why does the text tell us the name of his mother, but for other kings the text may not tell us the mother?
    5. How did the writer assess the reign of Amaziah?
      1. He did what was right in the sight of the Lord.
      2. Yet, he did not follow David completely.
      3. He did everything as his father Joash had done.
        1. What does that mean?
        2. Joash did what was right for a limited time.
        3. Both men were assassinated.
    6. What about the people? What did they still do?
  2. Second Kings 14.5–7 | Amaziah Set Things Right

    5 Now it happened, as soon as the kingdom was established in his hand, that he executed his servants who had murdered his father the king. 6 But the children of the murderers he did not execute, according to what is written in the Book of the Law of Moses, in which the LORD commanded, saying, “Fathers shall not be put to death for their children, nor shall children be put to death for their fathers; but a person shall be put to death for his own sin.” 7 He killed ten thousand Edomites in the Valley of Salt, and took Sela by war, and called its name Joktheel to this day.

    1. Here the writer showed some things that Amaziah did that were right.
    2. What right things did he do?
      1. Executed assassins
      2. Did not execute the children of the assassins
      3. Killed 10,000 Edomites in the Valley of Salt
      4. Captured Sela
    3. Where is the Valley of Salt?
  3. Second Kings 14.8–14 | Israel Defeats Judah

    8 Then Amaziah sent messengers to Jehoash the son of Jehoahaz, the son of Jehu, king of Israel, saying, “Come, let us face one another in battle.” 9 And Jehoash king of Israel sent to Amaziah king of Judah, saying, “The thistle that was in Lebanon sent to the cedar that was in Lebanon, saying, ‘Give your daughter to my son as wife’; and a wild beast that was in Lebanon passed by and trampled the thistle. 10 You have indeed defeated Edom, and your heart has lifted you up. Glory in that, and stay at home; for why should you meddle with trouble so that you fall—you and Judah with you?” 11 But Amaziah would not heed. Therefore Jehoash king of Israel went out; so he and Amaziah king of Judah faced one another at Beth Shemesh, which belongs to Judah. 12 And Judah was defeated by Israel, and every man fled to his tent. 13 Then Jehoash king of Israel captured Amaziah king of Judah, the son of Jehoash, the son of Ahaziah, at Beth Shemesh; and he went to Jerusalem, and broke down the wall of Jerusalem from the Gate of Ephraim to the Corner Gate—four hundred cubits. 14 And he took all the gold and silver, all the articles that were found in the house of the LORD and in the treasuries of the king’s house, and hostages, and returned to Samaria.

    1. Why did Amaziah decide to fight the king of Israel?
    2. What did the king of Israel think of the proposed battle?
      1. What did his parable indicate?
      2. How did Jehoash perceive the thinking of Amaziah?
    3. Who won the battle?
      1. Why did Judah lose?
      2. Israel was not faithful to the Lord, but Judah was, at least partially.
        1. Or is that the problem?
        2. Is partial obedience worse than one who does not give a pretense of obedience?
  4. Second Kings 14.15–16 | Another Jeroboam

    15 Now the rest of the acts of Jehoash which he did—his might, and how he fought with Amaziah king of Judah—are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Israel? 16 So Jehoash rested with his fathers, and was buried in Samaria with the kings of Israel. Then Jeroboam his son reigned in his place.

    1. The Bible says nothing positive about Jehoash.
    2. This is a new Jeroboam.
      1. This Jeroboam is the son of Jehoash.
      2. Whose son was the other Jeroboam?
  5. Second Kings 14.17–20 | Amaziah Dies

    17 Amaziah the son of Joash, king of Judah, lived fifteen years after the death of Jehoash the son of Jehoahaz, king of Israel. 18 Now the rest of the acts of Amaziah, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Judah? 19 And they formed a conspiracy against him in Jerusalem, and he fled to Lachish; but they sent after him to Lachish and killed him there. 20 Then they brought him on horses, and he was buried at Jerusalem with his fathers in the City of David.

    1. They assassinated Joash, then they assassinated Amaziah.
    2. Why does the Bible give us this brief information?
  6. Second Kings 14.21–22 | Azariah Becomes King at Sixteen

    21 And all the people of Judah took Azariah, who was sixteen years old, and made him king instead of his father Amaziah. 22 He built Elath and restored it to Judah, after the king rested with his fathers.

    1. Do you know the other more well-known name of Azariah?
    2. While the people did not vote, as we do in America, they still had a hand in making their national leader.
  7. Second Kings 14.23–29 | The Work of Jeroboam II

    23 In the fifteenth year of Amaziah the son of Joash, king of Judah, Jeroboam the son of Joash, king of Israel, became king in Samaria, and reigned forty-one years. 24 And he did evil in the sight of the LORD; he did not depart from all the sins of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, who had made Israel sin. 25 He restored the territory of Israel from the entrance of Hamath to the Sea of the Arabah, according to the word of the LORD God of Israel, which He had spoken through His servant Jonah the son of Amittai, the prophet who was from Gath Hepher. 26 For the LORD saw that the affliction of Israel was very bitter; and whether bond or free, there was no helper for Israel. 27 And the LORD did not say that He would blot out the name of Israel from under heaven; but He saved them by the hand of Jeroboam the son of Joash. 28 Now the rest of the acts of Jeroboam, and all that he did—his might, how he made war, and how he recaptured for Israel, from Damascus and Hamath, what had belonged to Judah—are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Israel? 29 So Jeroboam rested with his fathers, the kings of Israel. Then Zechariah his son reigned in his place.

    1. How long did this Jeroboam reign?
    2. Did he follow David or Jeroboam the son of Nebat?
    3. What did he restore?
    4. Who had prophesied of the land restoration?
      1. Jonah prophesied of land restoration for Israel.
        1. Does that give a clue as to his thoughts about Nineveh?
        2. Jonah was zealous for Israel, and wanted to see her increase, but he also set his heart against Israel’s enemies.
        3. How should God’s people think of their enemies?
      2. In what region did Jonah live?
        1. He lived in Galilee.
        2. Why is that significant?
        3. See John 7.52
    5. Why did the Lord work through Jeroboam, though he did not walk in the Lord?
      1. The Lord sought to keep His promise of Israel’s preservation.
    6. Who replaced him as king?