Second Kings



Ahaz Floods Judah with Idols 

Second Kings 16

Don Ruhl • Savage Street, Grants Pass, Oregon • March 8, In the year of our Lord, 2017

  1. Second Kings 16.1–4 | The Sad Reign of King Ahaz

    1 In the seventeenth year of Pekah the son of Remaliah, Ahaz the son of Jotham, king of Judah, began to reign. 2 Ahaz was twenty years old when he became king, and he reigned sixteen years in Jerusalem; and he did not do what was right in the sight of the LORD his God, as his father David had done. 3 But he walked in the way of the kings of Israel; indeed he made his son pass through the fire, according to the abominations of the nations whom the LORD had cast out from before the children of Israel. 4 And he sacrificed and burned incense on the high places, on the hills, and under every green tree.

    1. The kings of Judah begin to follow the path of the kings of Israel rather than the path of King David.
      1. What was it about David that made him the standard?
      2. No matter what, David never turned to idols.
    2. What did Ahaz do with his son?
      1. He made him pass through the fire.
      2. Who was this imitating?
        1. If the Lord used Judah to remove the Canaanites for their abominations, could the Lord not remove Judah?
        2. To be consistent, would He not have to remove Judah also?
    3. In accordance with Ahaz’s imitation of the Canaanites, where he did offer sacrifices and burn incense?
      1. See how the early kings made provision, unintentionally, for Judah to turn to the idolatry of the Canaanites?
      2. This is why with earlier kings, the Bible would note—even with a righteous king—that there was an exception when he let the people still worship God in the high places.
  2. Second Kings 16.5–9 | Judah Makes an Alliance with Assyria

    5 Then Rezin king of Syria and Pekah the son of Remaliah, king of Israel, came up to Jerusalem to make war; and they besieged Ahaz but could not overcome him. 6 At that time Rezin king of Syria captured Elath for Syria, and drove the men of Judah from Elath. Then the Edomites went to Elath, and dwell there to this day. 7 So Ahaz sent messengers to Tiglath-pileser king of Assyria, saying, “I am your servant and your son. Come up and save me from the hand of the king of Syria and from the hand of the king of Israel, who rise up against me.” 8 And Ahaz took the silver and gold that was found in the house of the LORD, and in the treasuries of the king’s house, and sent it as a present to the king of Assyria. 9 So the king of Assyria heeded him; for the king of Assyria went up against Damascus and took it, carried its people captive to Kir, and killed Rezin.

    1. It is sad to see Israel joining forces with Syrian against Judah.
    2. It is also sad to see Judah seek Assyria’s help against the two.
    3. What did Ahaz do with Assyria to get help against the two?
      1. What did Judah give Assyria that made Assyria attack Damascus?
      2. What did Assyria do with the people of Damascus?
        1. We think of Israel experiencing captivity, but other nations have also.
        2. Here Damascus, Syria did.
        3. See also Ezekiel 29.14
    4. Note that Judah paid Assyria to fight Syria and Israel, because
      1. later Judah will have a problem with Assyria, and
      2. only by the grace of God was Judah spared.
  3. Second Kings 16.10–14 | Ahaz and Altars

    10 Now King Ahaz went to Damascus to meet Tiglath-pileser king of Assyria, and saw an altar that was at Damascus; and King Ahaz sent to Urijah the priest the design of the altar and its pattern, according to all its workmanship. 11 Then Urijah the priest built an altar according to all that King Ahaz had sent from Damascus. So Urijah the priest made it before King Ahaz came back from Damascus. 12 And when the king came back from Damascus, the king saw the altar; and the king approached the altar and made offerings on it. 13 So he burned his burnt offering and his grain offering; and he poured his drink offering and sprinkled the blood of his peace offerings on the altar. 14 He also brought the bronze altar which was before the LORD, from the front of the temple—from between the new altar and the house of the LORD—and put it on the north side of the new altar.

    1. What about the altar in Damascus impressed Ahaz?
    2. Why was he not impressed with the altar of Yahweh God back in Jerusalem?
    3. What did he do with the altar already in Jerusalem?
  4. Second Kings 16.15–16 | Ahaz Prescribes the Sacrifices

    15 Then King Ahaz commanded Urijah the priest, saying, “On the great new altar burn the morning burnt offering, the evening grain offering, the king’s burnt sacrifice, and his grain offering, with the burnt offering of all the people of the land, their grain offering, and their drink offerings; and sprinkle on it all the blood of the burnt offering and all the blood of the sacrifice. And the bronze altar shall be for me to inquire by.” 16 Thus did Urijah the priest, according to all that King Ahaz commanded.

    1. Who orders sacrifices?
    2. Do you see the heart of Ahaz lifted up?
    3. The priest should have resisted the king.
  5. Second Kings 16.17–18 | Ahaz Redesigns the Temple

    17 And King Ahaz cut off the panels of the carts, and removed the lavers from them; and he took down the Sea from the bronze oxen that were under it, and put it on a pavement of stones. 18 Also he removed the Sabbath pavilion which they had built in the temple, and he removed the king’s outer entrance from the house of the LORD, on account of the king of Assyria.

    1. Once a person abandons what pleases God, that person will do what pleases himself.
    2. He did not destroy the temple, but merely rearranged it according to his liking.
  6. Second Kings 16.19–20 | From Wicked Ahaz to Righteous Hezekiah

    19 Now the rest of the acts of Ahaz which he did, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Judah? 20 So Ahaz rested with his fathers, and was buried with his fathers in the City of David. Then Hezekiah his son reigned in his place.

    1. Ahaz did not do what was right in the sight of the Lord, but his son Hezekiah did.
    2. This shows that we can break from the evil of our forefathers.
    3. It also shows that a nation can change.