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The Sermon on the Mount: Part 2

Matthew 6

Don Ruhl • Savage Street, Grants Pass, Oregon • December 6, In the year of our Lord, 2017


  1. Matthew 6.1–18 | Motives in Religion
    1. 6.1–4 | Doing good works

      1 “Take heed that you do not do your charitable deeds before men, to be seen by them. Otherwise you have no reward from your Father in heaven. 2 Therefore, when you do a charitable deed, do not sound a trumpet before you as the hypocrites do in the synagogues and in the streets, that they may have glory from men. Assuredly, I say to you, they have their reward. 3 But when you do a charitable deed, do not let your left hand know what your right hand is doing, 4 that your charitable deed may be in secret; and your Father who sees in secret will Himself reward you openly.

      1. How do you harmonize verse 14 with 5.16?
      2. If we do good things only to be seen by men, what is the consequence?
      3. What reward do the hypocrites have?
      4. If we do good works in secret, how will the Father reward us?
      5. What makes the people Jesus criticized hypocrites?
    2. 6.5–15 | Prayer

      5 “And when you pray, you shall not be like the hypocrites. For they love to pray standing in the synagogues and on the corners of the streets, that they may be seen by men. Assuredly, I say to you, they have their reward. 6 But you, when you pray, go into your room, and when you have shut your door, pray to your Father who is in the secret place; and your Father who sees in secret will reward you openly. 7 And when you pray, do not use vain repetitions as the heathen do. For they think that they will be heard for their many words. 8 Therefore do not be like them. For your Father knows the things you have need of before you ask Him. 9 In this manner, therefore, pray:

      Our Father in heaven,
      Hallowed be Your name.
      10 Your kingdom come.
      Your will be done
      On earth as it is in heaven.
      11 Give us this day our daily bread.
      12 And forgive us our debts,
      As we forgive our debtors.
      13 And do not lead us into temptation,
      But deliver us from the evil one.
      For Yours is the kingdom and the power and the glory forever. Amen.

      14 For if you forgive men their trespasses, your heavenly Father will also forgive you. 15 But if you do not forgive men their trespasses, neither will your Father forgive your trespasses.

      1. Why were some hypocrites when they prayed?
        1. What is their reward?
        2. Will the Father hear them?
      2. In verse 6, did Jesus forbid public prayers?
        1. See Acts 27.35.
        2. Why did Jesus emphasize praying in secret?
      3. Why do the heathen utter vain repetitions in prayer?
        1. Do we make repetitions because we think God may not have heard?
        2. He already knows what we need.
          1. Why then do we need to pray at all?
          2. When we pray and He answers our prayers, then we know that He responded to us and we can know that He works in our lives.
      4. Here is the guide Jesus provided for praying:
        1. Glorify God in heaven.
        2. Seek His will.
        3. Seek Him for your daily needs.
        4. Seek for forgiveness.
        5. Seek His leadership away from evil.
          1. We have problems with verse 13 because
          2. we believe that every statement implies something.
            1. However, that is not always true.
            2. Examples?
          3. Other passages on the Lord’s leadership away from sin and temptation:
            1. Psa 125.3
            2. Psa 141.3–4
            3. Matt 26.41
      5. Why did Jesus give additional instructions on forgiveness?
    3. 6.16–18 | Fasting

      16 “Moreover, when you fast, do not be like the hypocrites, with a sad countenance. For they disfigure their faces that they may appear to men to be fasting. Assuredly, I say to you, they have their reward. 17 But you, when you fast, anoint your head and wash your face, 18 so that you do not appear to men to be fasting, but to your Father who is in the secret place; and your Father who sees in secret will reward you openly.

      1. What does Jesus assume we will do?
      2. What made certain men hypocrites when they fasted?
      3. What reward have they already received?
      4. How should we fast?
        1. Do what needs to be done to keep your fasting secret.
        2. How shall the Father reward you for fasting in secret?
  2. Matthew 6.19–21 | Treasure

    19 “Do not lay up for yourselves treasures on earth, where moth and rust destroy and where thieves break in and steal; 20 but lay up for yourselves treasures in heaven, where neither moth nor rust destroys and where thieves do not break in and steal. 21 For where your treasure is, there your heart will be also.

    1. Why should our treasure not be on earth?
    2. Why should our treasure be in heaven?
      1. Why is this crucial?
      2. Where your heart is determines where you have been laying up treasure.
  3. Matthew 6.22–23 | Your Focus

    22 “The lamp of the body is the eye. If therefore your eye is good, your whole body will be full of light. 23 But if your eye is bad, your whole body will be full of darkness. If therefore the light that is in you is darkness, how great is that darkness!

    1. What we put before our eyes influences the way we live.
    2. A bad eye brings a bad body.
    3. What did Jesus mean with the last sentence?
      1. If our eyes sees darkness and
      2. if our bodies are dark,
      3. that magnifies the darkness in our lives.
  4. Matthew 6.24–34 | The Future

    24 “No one can serve two masters; for either he will hate the one and love the other, or else he will be loyal to the one and despise the other. You cannot serve God and mammon. 25 Therefore I say to you, do not worry about your life, what you will eat or what you will drink; nor about your body, what you will put on. Is not life more than food and the body more than clothing? 26 Look at the birds of the air, for they neither sow nor reap nor gather into barns; yet your heavenly Father feeds them. Are you not of more value than they? 27 Which of you by worrying can add one cubit to his stature? 28 So why do you worry about clothing? Consider the lilies of the field, how they grow: they neither toil nor spin; 29 and yet I say to you that even Solomon in all his glory was not arrayed like one of these. 30 Now if God so clothes the grass of the field, which today is, and tomorrow is thrown into the oven, will He not much more clothe you, O you of little faith? 31 Therefore do not worry, saying, ‘What shall we eat?’ or ‘What shall we drink?’ or ‘What shall we wear?’ 32 For after all these things the Gentiles seek. For your heavenly Father knows that you need all these things. 33 But seek first the kingdom of God and His righteousness, and all these things shall be added to you. 34 Therefore do not worry about tomorrow, for tomorrow will worry about its own things. Sufficient for the day is its own trouble.

    1. Do you trust God or money to take care of you?
    2. What did Jesus mean in verse 24?
      1. Both God and mammon or money, demand exclusive loyalty.
      2. Therefore, if we try to serve both, we will fail.
        1. Why do we have a tendency to trust both?
        2. We know that we should trust God, but
          1. we like having money in our hands, because
          2. it is tangible and to us that is more real.
    3. What good does worry accomplish?
      1. Nothing.
      2. Yet, we do it. Why?
        1. Perhaps we think that we are being irresponsible if we do not.
        2. Worry makes us think that we are doing something.
    4. Why should we not worry about food and clothing?
      1. We do not want to act like the Gentiles?
        1. Why is that bad?
        2. They do not have believe in God.
      2. Our Father knows what we need.
        1. Why then worry?
        2. Why then trust money?
      3. Seek the Father’s concerns and He will seek your concerns.
      4. We have enough troubles for today without worrying about tomorrow.