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Instructions for Preaching

Matthew 10

Don Ruhl • Savage Street, Grants Pass, Oregon • January 24, In the year of our Lord, 2018


  1. Matthew 10.1–4 | The Twelve

    1 And when He had called His twelve disciples to Him, He gave them power over unclean spirits, to cast them out, and to heal all kinds of sickness and all kinds of disease. 2 Now the names of the twelve apostles are these: first, Simon, who is called Peter, and Andrew his brother; James the son of Zebedee, and John his brother; 3 Philip and Bartholomew; Thomas and Matthew the tax collector; James the son of Alphaeus, and Lebbaeus, whose surname was Thaddaeus; 4 Simon the Cananite, and Judas Iscariot, who also betrayed Him.

    1. Why did Jesus begin with only twelve disciples?
      1. We know that other people were disciples or followers of Jesus, but
      2. these disciples would be His apostles.
        1. In answer to the question, evidently it was enough, for
        2. those 12 changed the world forever!
          1. Yet, it was not so much them, but
          2. what they preached and the power Jesus gave them.
            1. What is an apostle?
    2. Twelve is also one of those numbers that God likes.
      1. There were twelve sons, and later tribes, of Israel.
      2. Thus, 24 thrones with elders upon them circling the throne of God.
      3. What other 12s can you name, including in nature, such as 12 months?
    3. Why did Jesus give them power to do miracles?
      1. See Mark 16.19–20
      2. See Hebrews 2.1–4
    4. Notice that Matthew revealed the betrayer inside of creating a mystery.
  2. Matthew 10.5–15 | Instructions for the First Preaching Tour

    5 These twelve Jesus sent out and commanded them, saying: “Do not go into the way of the Gentiles, and do not enter a city of the Samaritans. 6 But go rather to the lost sheep of the house of Israel. 7 And as you go, preach, saying, ‘The kingdom of heaven is at hand.’ 8 Heal the sick, cleanse the lepers, raise the dead, cast out demons. Freely you have received, freely give. 9 Provide neither gold nor silver nor copper in your money belts, 10 nor bag for your journey, nor two tunics, nor sandals, nor staffs; for a worker is worthy of his food. 11 Now whatever city or town you enter, inquire who in it is worthy, and stay there till you go out. 12 And when you go into a household, greet it. 13 If the household is worthy, let your peace come upon it. But if it is not worthy, let your peace return to you. 14 And whoever will not receive you nor hear your words, when you depart from that house or city, shake off the dust from your feet. 15 Assuredly, I say to you, it will be more tolerable for the land of Sodom and Gomorrah in the day of judgment than for that city!”

    1. Why did Jesus send them to the house of Israel first?
      1. Romans 1.16
      2. Romans 2.5–10
      3. Romans 3.1–2
    2. If the kingdom of heaven has not yet arrived, as some allege, then why did Jesus say that the apostles should preach, “The kingdom of heaven is at hand”?
      1. Did not the announcement mean that the kingdom would arrive during the days of the people to whom the apostles spoke?
      2. Notice these uses of “at hand”:
        1. Matthew 26.18
        2. Matthew 26.45–46
        3. Second Timothy 4.6
      3. Yet, the New Testament speaks of the Day of the Lord as being at hand.
        1. What does that mean?
        2. He did not return in the first century.
          1. How then can it be “at hand,” but still be centuries in the future?
          2. Romans 13.12
          3. Philippians 4.5
          4. James 5.8
          5. First Peter 4.7
          6. Revelation 22.10
  3. Matthew 10.16–42 | Instructions for Later Preaching Tours
    1. 10.16–26 | Sheep Among Wolves

      16 “Behold, I send you out as sheep in the midst of wolves. Therefore be wise as serpents and harmless as doves. 17 But beware of men, for they will deliver you up to councils and scourge you in their synagogues. 18 You will be brought before governors and kings for My sake, as a testimony to them and to the Gentiles. 19 But when they deliver you up, do not worry about how or what you should speak. For it will be given to you in that hour what you should speak; 20 for it is not you who speak, but the Spirit of your Father who speaks in you. 21 Now brother will deliver up brother to death, and a father his child; and children will rise up against parents and cause them to be put to death. 22 And you will be hated by all for My name’s sake. But he who endures to the end will be saved. 23 When they persecute you in this city, flee to another. For assuredly, I say to you, you will not have gone through the cities of Israel before the Son of Man comes. 24 A disciple is not above his teacher, nor a servant above his master. 25 It is enough for a disciple that he be like his teacher, and a servant like his master. If they have called the master of the house Beelzebub, how much more will they call those of his household! 26 Therefore do not fear them. For there is nothing covered that will not be revealed, and hidden that will not be known.”

      1. Into what kind of world, would Jesus send His disciples?
        1. It would be like putting sheep in the midst of wolves.
        2. What does that mean?
      2. How were they (and us) to conduct themselves in that world?
        1. They would be wise as serpents.
          1. What does that mean?
        2. Yet, they had to be harmless as doves.
          1. When was the last time that you were attacked by doves?
      3. In what ways would wolves attack them?
        1. They would deliver them to councils.
        2. They would scourge them.
        3. They would be brought before politicians.
        4. Family would turn against them.
        5. Everyone would hate them.
        6. They would call them evil things.
      4. In what manner would they have to function as doves?
        1. They would use the opportunities to speak.
        2. They would not have to worry about what to say.
        3. They would have to endure to the end.
        4. When persecuted in one city, they would need to flee to the next.
        5. They were to fear no one.
      5. What did Jesus want them to know during those times?
        1. He was sending them out and He knew what they would face.
        2. The Spirit of the Father would speak through them.
        3. They would not have gone through the cities of Israel before the Son of Man would come.
        4. They were not above Him.
          1. The world persecuted Him.
          2. Therefore, the world would persecute them.
        5. All things would be revealed.
    2. 10.27–33 | Do Not Fear

      27 “Whatever I tell you in the dark, speak in the light; and what you hear in the ear, preach on the housetops. 28 And do not fear those who kill the body but cannot kill the soul. But rather fear Him who is able to destroy both soul and body in hell. 29 Are not two sparrows sold for a copper coin? And not one of them falls to the ground apart from your Father’s will. 30 But the very hairs of your head are all numbered. 31 Do not fear therefore; you are of more value than many sparrows. 32 Therefore whoever confesses Me before men, him I will also confess before My Father who is in heaven. 33 But whoever denies Me before men, him I will also deny before My Father who is in heaven.

      1. Jesus trained His disciples in private for a public ministry (v. 27).
      2. With public ministry, they would experience persecution.
        1. Therefore, what did He tell them (us) about fear?
        2. Why should they not fear men?
        3. Why should they fear God?
      3. What other reasons did He list for not fearing?
        1. God knows the sparrows in detail, but He values us much more.
        2. If we do confess His name before men, what will He do?
        3. If we deny Him before men, what will He do?
    3. 10.34–39 | Not Peace, But a Sword

      34 “Do not think that I came to bring peace on earth. I did not come to bring peace but a sword. 35 For I have come to ‘set a man against his father, a daughter against her mother, and a daughter-in-law against her mother-in-law’; 36 and ‘a man’s enemies will be those of his own household.’ 37 He who loves father or mother more than Me is not worthy of Me. And he who loves son or daughter more than Me is not worthy of Me. 38 And he who does not take his cross and follow after Me is not worthy of Me. 39 He who finds his life will lose it, and he who loses his life for My sake will find it.”

      1. He let them know that not everyone would receive them graciously.
      2. Did not Jesus come to bring peace?
        1. If yes, why then did He say that He did not come to bring peace?
        2. Jesus used Relative Negation.
          1. This is a way of making a point.
          2. It is saying, Not so much this as much as this.
            1. It is a way of emphasizing.
            2. It is a means of emphasizing that transcends all languages.
      3. The message of peace that He brings not everyone will accept.
        1. Some people will revolt violently against His message.
        2. Even family members will turn against a convert.
      4. That being true, how strict must our allegiance to Jesus be?
        1. It has be greater than our allegiance to our families.
        2. If a conflict arises, we have to choose Jesus.
      5. What then do we have to take?
        1. We have to take our crosses and follow after Jesus.
        2. What was the Roman cross?
          1. It was an instrument of death.
          2. Therefore,
            1. we have to be willing to die, and
            2. we have to consider everything as dead to us and us to everything.
            3. See Gal 6.14
      6. What did Jesus mean when He said, “He who finds his life will lose it, and he who loses his life for My sake will find it”?
        1. Try to save your life by avoiding the sword and persecution, and you shall lose your life.
        2. Lose your life to the sword or persecution and you shall gain your life.
    4. 10.40–42 | What It Means When Others Receive You

      40 “He who receives you receives Me, and he who receives Me receives Him who sent Me. 41 He who receives a prophet in the name of a prophet shall receive a prophet’s reward. And he who receives a righteous man in the name of a righteous man shall receive a righteous man’s reward. 42 And whoever gives one of these little ones only a cup of cold water in the name of a disciple, assuredly, I say to you, he shall by no means lose his reward.”

      1. Not every place or every person shall persecute us.
      2. If people receive us, whom do they receive?
        1. Why is that true?
        2. The Father sent Jesus and Jesus sends the disciples.
          1. Therefore, receiving disciples is truly receiving Jesus.
          2. Receiving Jesus is truly receiving the Father.
        3. The reverse would also be true.
      3. Those who receive disciples shall find a blessing.
        1. Even if you do something as small as giving a disciple a cup of cold water, shall bring a blessing.
        2. How can Jesus guarantee that we shall not lose our reward?