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The Old Testament and the Book of Revelation: Part 3 

Don Ruhl • Savage Street, Grants Pass, Oregon • June 9, In the year of our Lord Christ, 2019 

Scripture Reader and Reading: Billy Henshall – Revelation 22.6–7 

Song Leader and Song Suggestions: Phil Joseph – Songs on Judgment 

  1. John never states that an Old Testament prophecy is fulfilled, but 
    1. when you become familiar with the Old Testament 
      1. you will see that he is showing its fulfillment or application. 
    2. Sometimes John uses Old Testament intentionally 
      1. to show a connection with someone or something. 
      2. See the way He referred to Jesus. 
        1. Zechariah 12.10

          10 “And I will pour on the house of David and on the inhabitants of Jerusalem the Spirit of grace and supplication; then they will look on Me whom they pierced. Yes, they will mourn for Him as one mourns for his only son, and grieve for Him as one grieves for a firstborn.”

          – Zechariah 12.10
        2. Revelation 1.7

          7 Behold, He is coming with clouds, and every eye will see Him, even they who pierced Him. And all the tribes of the earth will mourn because of Him. Even so, Amen.

          – Revelation 1.7
    3. Beale and McDonough:

      “…Ezekiel is led to a mountain and sees a vision of a renewed but recognizable temple, John is led to a mountain and sees a mammoth garden-city like a temple that apparently dwarfs the earlier vision.”

      – Page 1085
      1. Ezekiel 40.1–2

        1 In the twenty-fifth year of our captivity, at the beginning of the year, on the tenth day of the month, in the fourteenth year after the city was captured, on the very same day the hand of the LORD was upon me; and He took me there. 2 In the visions of God He took me into the land of Israel and set me on a very high mountain; on it toward the south was something like the structure of a city.

        – Ezekiel 40.1–2
      2. Revelation 21.9–10

        9 Then one of the seven angels who had the seven bowls filled with the seven last plagues came to me and talked with me, saying, “Come, I will show you the bride, the Lamb’s wife.” 10 And he carried me away in the Spirit to a great and high mountain, and showed me the great city, the holy Jerusalem, descending out of heaven from God…

        – Revelation 21.9–10
    4. Beale and McDonough:

      “A particular feature of Revelation is the universalization of prophetic fulfillment. Designations or descriptions (‘all the tribes of the earth will mourn over him,’ ‘his people’) and promises (ruling over the nations, restoration and the end-time temple) once associated exclusively with Israel are now seen to apply to God’s people from every nation” [They then provide examples]

      – 1085
      1. 1.7 Already read 
      2. 2.26–28 
      3. 21.3 
        1. Compare Peter’s declaration and compare it with Exodus 19

          5 “‘Now therefore, if you will indeed obey My voice and keep My covenant, then you shall be a special treasure to Me above all people; for all the earth is Mine. 6 And you shall be to Me a kingdom of priests and a holy nation.’ These are the words which you shall speak to the children of Israel.”

          – Exodus 19.5–6

          9 But you are a chosen generation, a royal priesthood, a holy nation, His own special people, that you may proclaim the praises of Him who called you out of darkness into His marvelous light; 10 who once were not a people but are now the people of God, who had not obtained mercy but now have obtained mercy.

          – 1 Peter 2.9–10
    5. Beale and McDonough:

      “Some of these OT historical elements have also undergone an escalation, even a universalization, under John’s hand (e.g., the church as a ‘kingdom of priests’ [1:6] the seven golds lampstands [1:12], and the exodus plagues [16:1–21]).”

      – Page 1086
      1. 1.6 
      2. 1.12 
    6. Beale and McDonough:

      “…the background of John’s and the NT’s awareness that the ‘latter days’ had been inaugurated, that the church was the latter-day Israel, and that the whole OT pointed toward this climax of salvation history (for language of inaugurated eschatology…).”

      – Page 1086
      1. They listed many NT passages. 
      2. I will just a few. 
      3. 1.1 
      4. 1.19 
      5. 4.1 
      6. 22.6 
      7. 22.10 
        1. Cf. Dan 12.4

          4 “But you, Daniel, shut up the words, and seal the book until the time of the end; many shall run to and fro, and knowledge shall increase.”

          – Daniel 12.4
    7. Beale and McDonough:

      “One can even find inverted or ironic uses of the OT in Revelation. For example, promises given to Israel, who are prophesied to be persecuted by the nations are now ironically applied to and understood to be fulfilled in Gentile delivers persecuted by Israel (Rev. 3:9).”

      – Page 1086
      1. 3.9 
      2. Jesus was persecuted by the Jews. 
    8. Ezekiel’s temple:

      “Others have also recognized Ezekiel’s influence, especially in Rev. 20–22, where the order of events appears to have been taken from Ezek. 37–48. The broad structure of the new Jerusalem in Rev. 21:12–22:5 is based on the vision of Ezek. 40–48, which prophesies the pattern of the final temple (chaps. 40–44), as well as the arrangement of the eschatological city and divisions of the land around the temple compound (chaps. 45–48). Revelation 21:12–22:5 further interprets rather yet future fulfillment of Ezekiel by collapsing temple, city, and land into one end-time picture portraying the one reality of God’s communion with his people.”

      – Page 1087