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Outline of Isaiah

Based on Homer Hailey, The Book of Isaiah, Bible Class Notes

Don Ruhl • Savage Street, Grants Pass, Oregon • January 7, In the year of our Lord, 2018

Chapters 1–39 | Part One:

  1. Chaps 1–12 Messages for Jerusalem and Judah
    1. Chap 1–5 Judah’s Social Sins
      1. Chap 1 The Great Arraignment
        1. 1.2–9 Thoughtlessness
        2. 1.10–17 Formalism
        3. 1.18–23 Pardoned Offered
        4. 1.24–31 Judgment
      2. Chaps 2–4 Pictures of Zion
        1. 2.1–4 The Ideal
        2. 2.5–4.1 The Real
          1. 2.5–11 Wealth & Corruption
          2. 2.12–22 Pride & Idols
        3. 3.1–12 Ruling Classes Denounced
        4. 3.13–15 Lord’s Judgment
        5. 3.16–4.1 Women Rebuked
        6. 4.2–6 Purified Through Judgment
      3. Chap 5 National Sins
        1. 5.1–7 Lord’s Vineyard
        2. 5.8–23 Woes Against:
          1. 5.8–10 Greed
          2. 5.11–17 Dissipation & Carnal Carousing
          3. 5.18–19 Contempt Toward God
          4. 5.20 Confusion
          5. 5.21 Self-Conceit
          6. 5.22–23 Self vs. Justice
        3. 5.24–30 Judgment
    2. Chap 6 Isaiah’s Commissioning
      1. 6.1–4 His Vision
      2. 6.5–8 His Call
      3. 6.9–13 His Commissioning
    3. Chap 7–12 Judah’s Political Entanglements
      1. 7.1–9 To Ahaz
      2. 7.10–16 Sign to the House of David
      3. 7.17–25 Destruction from Assyria
      4. 8.1–15 Sign of Maher-Shalal-Hash-Baz
      5. 8.16–9.7 Message Rejected
        1. 8.16–22 Present Darkness
        2. 9.1–7 Future Light
      6. 9.8–10.4 Have Not Heeded God-Sent Calamities
        1. 9.8–12 Foreign Invasion Unheeded
        2. 9.13–17 Strikes Unheeded
        3. 9.18–21 Anarchy
        4. 10.1–4 Impending Captivity
      7. 10.5–34 Assyria: Rod of God’s Anger
        1. 10.5–19 Assyria: God’s Instrument
        2. 10.20–23 Remnant Will Be Rescued
        3. 10.24–34 Assyria Destroyed
      8. Chap 11–12 Messianic Age
        1. 11.1–10 Messiah’s Reign
        2. 11.11–16 Restoration of Dispersed
        3. Chap 12 Song of Deliverance
  2. Chaps 13–23 Against the Nations
    1. 13.1–14.27 Downfall of Babylon
      1. Chap 13 Utter Destruction of Babylon
        1. 13.1–5 Decree Against Babylon
        2. 13.6–16 Day of the Lord
        3. 13.17–22 Medes Against Babylon
      2. 14.1–27 Israel Restored & Taunt Against Babylon’s King
        1. 14.1–2 Israel Delivered and Restored
        2. 14.3–23 Babylon’s King Fall
      3. 14.24–27 As Assyria Destroyed So Babylon
    2. 14.28–21.17 Against the Nations
      1. 14.28–32 Against Philistia
      2. Chaps 15–16 Against Moab
        1. Chap 15 Severity of Destruction
        2. 16.1–5 Offer of Mercy
        3. 16.6–12 Moab Rejects Offer
        4. 16.13–14 Visitation Coming
      3. Chap 17 Overthrow of Damascus, Israel, Nations
        1. 17.1–3 Against Damascus
        2. 17.4–11 Woe Upon Israel
        3. 17.12–14 Against Nations
      4. Chaps 18–20 Against Ethiopia & Egypt
        1. Chap 18 Ethiopia’s Homage to God
          1. 18.1–3 Ethiopians Gather
          2. 18.4–5 God Rests
          3. 18.6–7 Enemy Given to the Birds
        2. Chap 19 Against Egypt
          1. 19.1–17 Judgment Ready for Egypt
            1. 19.1–4 Civil War
            2. 19.5–10 Economy Will Collapse
            3. 19.11–15 Rulers Confounded
            4. 19.16–17 Egypt Afraid
          2. 19.18–25 Egypt Will Turn to God
        3. Chap 20 Against Egypt and Ethiopia
      5. 21.1–10 Against Babylon
      6. 21.11–12 Against Edom
      7. 21.13–17 Against Arabia
    3. Chap 22 Against Jerusalem
      1. 22.1–14 Jerusalem’s People
      2. 22.15–25 Eliakim Takes Over
    4. Chap 23 Against Tyre
      1. 23.1–14 Judgment on Tyre
      2. 23.15–18 Tyre Restored for God’s People
  3. Chaps 24–27 Judgment & Salvation
    1. Chap 24 World Judgment
      1. 24.1–13 Judgment Pictured
      2. 24.14–16a A Better Day
      3. 24.16b–20 More Judgment
      4. 24.21–23 Zion Triumphant
    2. 25.1–26.19 Thanksgiving for Mercy
      1. 25.1–5 Praise & Thanksgiving
      2. 25.6–8 Messianic Age
      3. 25.9–12 The Work of God
      4. 26.1–6 Trust in God
      5. 26.7–9 The Upright
      6. 26.10–11 The Wicked
      7. 26.12–15 God in Control
      8. 26.16–19 Visit God in Trouble
    3. 26.20–27.13 Salvation
      1. 26.20–27.1 Hide During Judgment
      2. 27.2–6 God’s Desire
      3. 27.7–13 Chastening for Salvation
  4. Chap 28–35 Judah and the Nations
    1. Chap 28–33 Six Woes
      1. Chap 28 Woe to Ephraim
        1. 28.1–8 Woe to Ephraim’s Drunkards
        2. 28.9–15 Cannot Understand
        3. 28.16–22 Effect of the Cornerstone
        4. 28.23–29 God’s Judgment Like Farming
      2. 29.1–14 Woe to Heartless Religion
      3. 29.15–24 Woe to Those Who Hide Plans from God
      4. Chap 30 Woe to Those Who Seek Counsel from Egypt
        1. 30.1–14 Egypt Will Fail
        2. 30.15–26 Age of Messiah
        3. 30.27–33 Assyria Will Fail
      5. Chap 31–32 Woe to Those Who Trust Military Strength
        1. Chap 31 Egypt and Assyria Unreliable
        2. 32.1–8 Righteousness Will Reign
        3. 32.9–15 Women Rebuked
        4. 32.16–20 Effect of Righteousness
      6. Chap 33 Woe to Plunderer
        1. 33.1–6 Plundered Though Had Not Plundered
        2. 33.7–16 When God Rises
        3. 33.17–24 God’s Reign
    2. Chap 34–35 Edom and Israel’s Destinies Contrasted
      1. 34.1–4 Impending World Judgment
      2. 34.5–17 Judgment on Edom
      3. Chap 35 Highway of Holiness
  5. Chap 36–39 Connects Parts 1 and 2
    Isaiah and Hezekiah

    1. Chap 36–37 Assyria Attempts to Take Jerusalem
      1. 36.1 Assyria Invades Judah
      2. 36.2–37.7 The Rabshakeh Against Jerusalem
        1. 36.2–20 The Rabshakeh’s Threat
        2. 36.21–22 Report to Hezekiah
        3. 37.1–7 God’s Promise to Hezekiah
      3. 37.8–38 Assyria Demands Surrender
        1. 37.8–13 Assyrian Threat to Hezekiah
        2. 37.14–20 Hezekiah Prays for Help
        3. 37.21–35 God’s Answer
        4. 37.36–38 Assyria’s Army Destroyed
    2. Chap 38 Hezekiah’s Illness & Recovery
      1. 38.1–3 Hezekiah’s Illness & Prayer
      2. 38.4–8 God’s Answer
      3. 38.9–20 Hezekiah Praises God
      4. 38.21–22 Hezekiah’s Recovery
    3. Chap 39 Hezekiah & Babylon

Chapters 40–66 | Part Two:

  1. Yahweh vs. Idols
    Restoration of Exiles

    1. Chap 40 Basis of Comfort: Israel’s God
      1. 40.1–11 Prologue: Four Voices
        1. 40.1–2 Grace
        2. 40.3–5 Prophecy
        3. 40.6–8 Word of God
        4. 40.9–11 Behold God
      2. 40.12–31 Our Incomparable God
        1. 40.12–17 Greater Than Nature and Nations
        2. 40.18–26 Greater Than Idols
        3. 40.27–31 God Can Help
    2. Chap 41 God Can Foretell
      1. 41.1–7 What God Does
      2. 41.8–20 God Helps
      3. 41.21–29 God Challenges Idols
    3. 42.1–43.13 God’s Servant
      1. 42.1–9 The Servant’s Work
      2. 42.10–13 Sing to God
      3. 42.14–17 God’s Eagerness to Help
      4. 42.18–25 Israel Deaf & Blind
      5. 43.1–13 God Helps Israel
        1. 43.1–7 Mighty Israel
        2. 43.8–13 Israel Sees & Hears God
    4. 43.14–45.25 God’s Mercy on Israel
      1. 43.14–28 Israel Redeemed
        1. 43.14–21 God Works a New Thing
        2. 43.22–28 Israel’s Sin, God Forgives
      2. 44.1–23 God Qualified to Help
        1. 44.1–5 God Blesses
        2. 44.6–8 God Incomparable
        3. 44.9–20 Foolish Idolaters
        4. 44.21–22 Israel Remember
        5. 44.23 Sing
      3. 44.24–45.25 Another Servant
        1. 44.24–28 Cyrus
        2. 45.1–7 Cyrus & God
        3. 45.8 Abundant Righteousness
        4. 45.9–13 Do Not Rebuke the Creator
        5. 45.14–25 Salvation
    5. Chap 46–47 Babylon’s Impending Overthrow
      1. Chap 46 Yahweh vs Babylon’s Idols
        1. 46.1–2 Sad Sight of Idols
        2. 46.3–7 Yahweh & Idols Contrasted
        3. 46.8–11 What God Does
        4. 46.12–13 Righteousness Will Reign
      2. Chap 47 Babylon’s Fall
        1. 47.1–3 Babylon Humble
        2. 47.4 Israel Redeemed
        3. 47.5–7 Babylon Abused Israel
        4. 47.8–11 Babylon’s Arrogance
        5. 47.12–15 Babylon’s Failed Wizardry
    6. Chap 48 God’s Record
      1. 48.1–2 Israel’s Hypocrisy
      2. 48.3–8 Preventing Idol Glorification
      3. 48.9–11 Why God Saved Israel
      4. 48.12–16 The Creator Makes His Point
      5. 48.17–19 If You Would Listen…
      6. 48.20–21 Peace for Israel
      7. 48.22 No Peace for the Wicked
  2. Chap 49–57 Mission of God’s Servant
    1. 49.1–50.3 A Ready Servant
      1. 49.1–13 Mission and Success
        1. 49.1–4 Israel as a Servant
        2. 49.5–7 God’s Servant for Israel & Gentiles
        3. 49.8–13 Blessing of the Servant
      2. 49.14–50.3 Despondent Israel
        1. 49.14–21 Israel’s Despondency
        2. 49.22–26 Nations Join Israel
        3. 50.1–3 God Can Restore
    2. 50.4–52.12 A Working Servant
      1. 50.4–11 The Servant Helps
        1. 50.4–5 The Servant’s Obedience
        2. 50.6–9 The Servant’s Humiliation
        3. 50.10–11 Does Anyone Fear God?
      2. 51.1–8 Listen
        1. 51.1–3 Look to Your Beginning
        2. 51.4–6 Look to the Heavens
        3. 51.7–8 Do Not Fear Men
      3. 51.9–52.6 Awake
        1. 51.9–11 Awake, Arm of the Lord
        2. 51.12–16 Awake, Israel, Remember God
        3. 51.17–20 Awake, Jerusalem to Your Suffering
        4. 51.21–23 Jerusalem’s Affliction Removed
        5. 52.1–2 Awake, Jerusalem, and Arise
        6. 52.3–6 God’s People Shall Know Him
      4. 52.7–12 Good News
        1. 52.7–10 The Beauty of Good News
        2. 52.11–12 God Before and Behind
    3. 52.13–53.12 The Suffering Servant
      1. 52.13–15 Marring of the Exalted One
      2. 53.1–3 Who Will Believe the Report
      3. 53.4–6 Suffering for the People
      4. 53.7–9 Non-Retaliatory
      5. 53.10–12 His Suffering Pleased God
    4. 54.1–56.8 Future Glory
      1. 54.1–3 Increased Numbers
      2. 54.4–8 God’s Mercy on Israel
      3. 54.9–10 God’s Everlasting Kindness
      4. 54.11–15 Future Glories
      5. 54.16–17 The Heritage of God’s Servants
      6. 55.1–13 Free Mercy
        1. 55.1–5 No Need for Money
        2. 55.6–7 Seek the Lord
        3. 55.8–9 God Is Not Like Us
        4. 55.10–13 What the Word Does
      7. 56.1–8 Man’s Obligation
        1. 56.1–2 Do Righteousness
        2. 56.3–5 Better Than Sons & Daughters
        3. 56.6–8 Blessings for Foreigners
    5. 56.9–57.21 Warnings
      1. 56.9–12 Failings of the Leaders
      2. 57.1–2 Why the Righteous Disappear
      3. 57.3–10 Idolatry Still Prevailed
      4. 57.11–13 Why Forget God?
      5. 57.14–21 Motivation for Repentance
  3. Chaps 58–66 Future Glory and Doom
    1. Chaps 58–59 Instructions and Warnings
      1. Chap 58 Fasting
        1. 58.1–2 Sinning But Seeking God
        2. 58.3–5 Improper Fasting
        3. 58.6–14 Proper Fasting
      2. Chap 59 Sin Separates
        1. 59.1–8 The Problem Is Our Sin
        2. 59.9–15a Nation Sin Confessed
        3. 59.15b–19 God Goes to War
    2. Chaps 60–62
      1. Chap 60 Glorified Zion
        1. 60.1–3 Gentiles Come to the Light
        2. 60.4–9 Wealth of the Gentiles
        3. 60.10–14 Gentiles Build Zion’s Walls
        4. 60.15–18 Zion’s Eternal Excellence
        5. 60.19–22 Zion’s Everlasting Light
      2. Chap 61 Salvation for the Gentiles
        1. 61.1–3 The Spirit and the Messiah
        2. 61.4–9 Double Honor of Zion
        3. 61.10–11 Rejoice in the Lord
      3. Chap 62 Salvation
        1. 62.1–5 New Names
        2. 62.6–7 Mention God ceaselessly
        3. 62.8–9 Enemy No Longer Dominate
        4. 62.10–12 Prepare for God’s People
    3. 63.1–6 God Fights His Enemies
    4. 63.7–66.24 Three Closing Prophecies
      1. 63.7–64.12 A Prayer
        1. 63.7–14 Praise God’s Mercy
        2. 63.15–19 Plea for Mercy
        3. 64.1–5 Recalling God’s Ways
        4. 64.6–7 Confession of Sin
        5. 64.8–12 Be Our Father
      2. Chap 65 God Answers the Prayer
        1. 65.1–5 Who Sought God, Who Did Not
        2. 65.6–7 God Will Repay
        3. 65.8–10 Not Total Destruction
        4. 65.11–12 For Those Who Forsake God
        5. 65.13–16 God’s New Servants
        6. 65.17–19 A New Creation
        7. 65.20–23 New Blessings
        8. 65.24 Quick to Answer
        9. 65.25 Peace
      3. Chap 66 In the New Creation
        1. 66.1–2 Where God Dwells
        2. 66.3–4 Unaccepted Worship
        3. 66.5–6 Those Who Tremble
        4. 66.7–11 God Fulfills the Blessing
        5. 66.12–13 Gentiles & Jerusalem
        6. 66.14–17 God’s Anger
        7. 66.18–23 God’s Glory Among Gentiles
        8. 66.24 The End of God’s Enemies